The recovery of a non-violent identity for an Islamist pesantren in an age of terror
AuthorHamdi, S; Carnegie, PJ; Smith, BJ
Source TitleAUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS
PublisherROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
University of Melbourne Author/sSMITH, BIANCA
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsHamdi, S; Carnegie, PJ; Smith, BJ, The recovery of a non-violent identity for an Islamist pesantren in an age of terror, AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS, 2015, 69 (6), pp. 692 - 710 (19)
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This article examines the ways in which one of Indonesia's largest local, non-violent fundamentalist Islamist groups, Hidayatullah, has worked towards recovering a non-violent identity in the aftermath of allegations of terrorism made by the international community at the height of the War on Terror. Significantly, in international circles post-September 11, Indonesia's pesantren (Islamic boarding school) network more generally became associated with terrorism as they were seen as potential breeding grounds for Islamist extremism. Subsequently, allegations emerged implicating Hidayatullah as part of an extremist organised network linked to Jemaah Islamiyah and, by extension, Al Qaeda. The article demonstrates how, in the aftermath of the allegations, the group negotiated with the wider society and the state's national security laws on terrorism as it worked to recover its non-violent identity. In doing so, it also raises further questions about methodological practices in distinguishing between the heterogeneity and subjectivities within wider Islamist movements, especially in terms of militant and non-violent forms of Islamism.
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