Innovation in Layer-by-Layer Assembly
AuthorRichardson, JJ; Cui, J; Bjornmalm, M; Braunger, JA; Ejima, H; Caruso, F
Source TitleCHEMICAL REVIEWS
PublisherAMER CHEMICAL SOC
University of Melbourne Author/sCaruso, Francesco; Cui, Jiwei; BRAUNGER, JULIA; Richardson, Joseph; Bjornmalm, Axel Mattias Hekansson
AffiliationChemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsRichardson, JJ; Cui, J; Bjornmalm, M; Braunger, JA; Ejima, H; Caruso, F, Innovation in Layer-by-Layer Assembly, CHEMICAL REVIEWS, 2016, 116 (23), pp. 14828 - 14867
Access StatusOpen Access
Methods for depositing thin films are important in generating functional materials for diverse applications in a wide variety of fields. Over the last half-century, the layer-by-layer assembly of nanoscale films has received intense and growing interest. This has been fueled by innovation in the available materials and assembly technologies, as well as the film-characterization techniques. In this Review, we explore, discuss, and detail innovation in layer-by-layer assembly in terms of past and present developments, and we highlight how these might guide future advances. A particular focus is on conventional and early developments that have only recently regained interest in the layer-by-layer assembly field. We then review unconventional assemblies and approaches that have been gaining popularity, which include inorganic/organic hybrid materials, cells and tissues, and the use of stereocomplexation, patterning, and dip-pen lithography, to name a few. A relatively recent development is the use of layer-by-layer assembly materials and techniques to assemble films in a single continuous step. We name this "quasi"-layer-by-layer assembly and discuss the impacts and innovations surrounding this approach. Finally, the application of characterization methods to monitor and evaluate layer-by-layer assembly is discussed, as innovation in this area is often overlooked but is essential for development of the field. While we intend for this Review to be easily accessible and act as a guide to researchers new to layer-by-layer assembly, we also believe it will provide insight to current researchers in the field and help guide future developments and innovation.
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