Understanding community-level organisational leadership for sustainable development in Indonesia
AffiliationOffice for Environmental Programs
MetadataShow full item record
Document TypeMasters Coursework thesis
Access StatusOnly available to University of Melbourne staff and students, login required
© 2017 Widia Lestari
Much uncertainty still exists about the relationship between leadership at a community level and a community as a complex social system. This research identifies the characteristics of organisational leadership for sustainable development at the community level in Indonesia. It investigates how local non- governmental organisations (NGOs) engage with and mobilise communities, and what issues arise as a result of different leadership modalities interacting with larger governance systems and processes. The theoretical lens of Complexity Leadership Theory (CLT) is used to understand the relationships between NGOs and communities, and to differentiate the framework from the bureaucratic leadership style. Empirical evidence was gathered through site visits and semi- structured interviews with 20 NGOs. The findings of this research identify three types of organisational leadership at the community level, namely transitional, facilitative, and directional leadership, that only one of which is consistent with adaptive leadership concepts established in CLT, while the others demonstrate various characteristics (and degrees) of bureaucratic leadership.
Keywordscommunity leadership; sustainability science; complexity leadership theory; characteristics of NGOs
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