Academic Services and Registrar - Research Publications
Now showing items 1-12 of 57
Managing Data @Melbourne: an online research data management training program
This is the text version of Managing Data @Melbourne, an online research data management training program developed for the University of Melbourne in Australia. It consists of six short modules which outline the fundamental practices of good research data management. It supports the development of the skills required to draft a research data management plan (DMP). It has been developed for graduate researchers, early career researchers, and information professionals within the Australian research and legal context. The program was initiated by the Digital Scholarship team, Research and Collections, at the University of Melbourne. The Managing Data @Melbourne program was inspired by and based on the Research Data MANTRA [online course] developed by EDINA and Data Library, University of Edinburgh (http://datalib.edina.ac.uk/mantra/). We acknowledge the foundational work of the Australian National Data Service (ANDS), the Digital Curation Centre (DCC), and the Research Data Alliance (RDA).
Demographic collapse and low genetic diversity of the Irrawaddy dolphin population inhabiting the Mekong River
(PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE, 2018-01-03)
In threatened wildlife populations, it is important to determine whether observed low genetic diversity may be due to recent anthropogenic pressure or the consequence of historic events. Historical size of the Irrawaddy dolphin (Orcaella brevirostris) population inhabiting the Mekong River is unknown and there is significant concern for long-term survival of the remaining population as a result of low abundance, slow reproduction rate, high neonatal mortality, and continuing anthropogenic threats. We investigated population structure and reconstructed the demographic history based on 60 Irrawaddy dolphins samples collected between 2001 and 2009. The phylogenetic analysis indicated reciprocal monophyly of Mekong River Orcaella haplotypes with respect to haplotypes from other populations, suggesting long-standing isolation of the Mekong dolphin population from other Orcaella populations. We found that at least 85% of all individuals in the two main study areas: Kratie and Stung Treng, bore the same mitochondrial haplotype. Out of the 21 microsatellite loci tested, only ten were polymorphic and exhibited very low levels of genetic diversity. Both individual and frequency-based approaches suggest very low and non-significant genetic differentiation of the Mekong dolphin population. Evidence for recent bottlenecks was equivocal. Some results suggested a recent exponential decline in the Mekong dolphin population, with the current size being only 5.2% of the ancestral population. In order for the Mekong dolphin population to have any potential for long-term survival, it is imperative that management priorities focus on preventing any further population fragmentation or genetic loss, reducing or eliminating anthropogenic threats, and promoting connectivity between all subpopulations.
Emotional Labor and Archival Practice - Reflection
(Society of North Carolina Archivists, 2018)
This reflection piece is based on the talk given by the authors at the Society of North Carolina Archivists (SNCA) conference in March 2018. They spoke on the topic of emotional labour and archival practice, discussing the effects that exposure to records with potentially traumatising content can have on those working with archival materials. Below they discuss the content of the presentation and reflect on the feedback and responses they received at the time.
Built pedagogy and architectural design in the architecture library of the Melbourne School of Design
(UNIV MELBOURNE, 2015-01-01)
The Melbourne School of Design (MSD) located at the University of Melbourne’s Parkville campus aspires to be a ‘pedagogical building’, with built-pedagogy a driving aspiration behind its design and construction. This paper reviews one programmatic component of the building, the library, and how notions of built-pedagogy were interpreted by the user-group and the project design and management team in the design of the library as one of the key learning spaces in the building. It investigates the nature of current thinking about tertiary education learning spaces and their design from the perspective of those tasked with delivering the Architecture Building and Planning Library as a response to the understanding of built pedagogy developed by the design team, project managers, and library management. It suggests that the notion of built pedagogy contains multiple interpretations, influenced by current tertiary education shifts towards student-centred pedagogic practice, consideration of campus spaces within their social settings and the facility for buildings to engage as reference exemplars in teaching and learning which is generating opportunities for campus-centred student experience within increasing availability of online and digitally enabled education.
Documentation, Digitisation and Dissemination: Preparing for the History of CSIRO
In February 2017 Tom Spurling and Terry Healy delivered 34 A1 archive boxes of records to the eScholarship Research Centre (ESRC) at The University of Melbourne. They had been commissioned to write a history of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) to complement the existing histories of CSIR and CSIRO. These boxes contained an impressive array of documents and research notes assembled for Boris Schedvin, the former CSIR/O historian. They were to support his writing of a second volume to Shaping Science and Industry (Allen & Unwin, 1987). They provide a unique overview of the history of scientific research in Australia in the late 20th Century and the evolution of CSIRO from 1949. The ESRC was commissioned to extend the existing documentation of the records (metadata), prepare for and then digitise the records and produce at least one dissemination form integrating the metadata and images. This paper outlines the scope of this project, the nature of the records, and the archival and digitisation systems, standards and strategies. The digitisation and post-digitisation processes (software and methods), including the production of derivatives is examined. Of interest is the balancing of the expectations of the researchers, and the requirement for standardised and reproducible methods that support archival documentation and digital data preservation. The paper will utilise examples from the records that focus on the history of chemistry in Australia – a selection that is interesting in its own right.
Can archives fly? Delivering Australian archives to researchers
This paper outlines the rationale and initial development of a service that will allow digital materials held by archives to be delivered, via request through an online form, to researchers anywhere in the world. Rather than attempting to provide access to privacy and rights-compromised materials in an online environment, the delivery of derivative copies of these types of unpublishable materials directly to the researcher, under clearly-articulated conditions, helps deal with a range of onerous technical and administrative issues. The process supports, rather than complicates, researcher information transfer needs while meeting the custodial obligations of the information provider
Impact of multimorbidity count on all-cause mortality and glycaemic outcomes in people with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review protocol
(BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP, 2018-04-01)
Introduction : Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a leading health priority worldwide. Multimorbidity (MM) is a term describing the co-occurrence of two or more chronic diseases or conditions. The majority of people living with T2D have MM. The relationship between MM and mortality and glycaemia in people with T2D is not clear. Methods and analysis: Medline, Embase, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Complete, The Cochrane Library, and SCOPUS will be searched with a prespecified search strategy. The searches will be limited to quantitative empirical studies in English with no restriction on publication date. One reviewer will perform title screening and two review authors will independently screen the abstract and full texts using Covidence software, with disagreements adjudicated by a third reviewer. Data will be extracted using a using a Population, Exposure, Comparator and Outcomes framework. Two reviewers will independently extract data and undertake the risk of bias (quality) assessment. Disagreements will be resolved by consensus. A narrative synthesis of the results will be conducted and meta-analysis considered if appropriate. Quality appraisal will be undertaken using the Newcastle-Ottawa quality assessment scale and the quality of the cumulative evidence of the included studies will be assessed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. This protocol was prepared in adherence to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols guidelines to ensure the quality of our review. Ethics and dissemination: This review will synthesise the existing evidence about the impact of MM on mortality and glycaemic outcomes in people living with T2D and increase our understanding of this subject and will inform future practice and policy. Findings will be disseminated via conference presentations, social media and peer-reviewed publication.
Tim29 is a novel subunit of the human TIM22 translocase and is involved in complex assembly and stability
(ELIFE SCIENCES PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2016-08-24)
The TIM22 complex mediates the import of hydrophobic carrier proteins into the mitochondrial inner membrane. While the TIM22 machinery has been well characterised in yeast, the human complex remains poorly characterised. Here, we identify Tim29 (C19orf52) as a novel, metazoan-specific subunit of the human TIM22 complex. The protein is integrated into the mitochondrial inner membrane with it's C-terminus exposed to the intermembrane space. Tim29 is required for the stability of the TIM22 complex and functions in the assembly of hTim22. Furthermore, Tim29 contacts the Translocase of the Outer Mitochondrial Membrane, TOM complex, enabling a mechanism for transport of hydrophobic carrier substrates across the aqueous intermembrane space. Identification of Tim29 highlights the significance of analysing mitochondrial import systems across phylogenetic boundaries, which can reveal novel components and mechanisms in higher organisms.
Sex, drugs and female agency: Why Siramori Diabaté’s song 'Nanyuman' was such a success in Mali and Guinea
(Michigan State University Press, 2018-05)
This article presents the lyrics of the song “Nanyuman” by Mali’s legendary female griot (bard) Siramori (Sira Mory) Diabaté (c. 1925–1989). It demonstrates how a female griot integrates into her songs topical moral discussions on the position of married women in the socialist-inspired nations of Guinea and Mali in the 1960s and 1970s. Through the voice of “Nanyuman,” the protagonist of the song, Siramori, comments in ways a male griot never could, discussing marriage, sex, men’s roles as husbands, motherhood, and even the use of stimulant drugs. This source publication shows that the remarkable rise of female griots in West Africa from the 1960s onwards can be explained by new topical debates on West African society, and not only by technological innovations and new aesthetic appreciations of female voices that have received scholarly attention. The performance of “Nanyuman” also reveals Siramori’s artistic and comedic talents as an entertainer, thus evidencing why she was elevated to the highest ranks of musicians in Mali.
Eurafricans in Western Africa. Commerce, social status, gender, and religious observance from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century, by George E. Brooks
(The African Studies Association of Australasia and the Pacific, 2004)