Medicine (Northern Health) - Research Publications
Now showing items 1-3 of 3
Expert recommendations on the assessment of wall shear stress in human coronary arteries: existing methodologies, technical considerations, and clinical applications
(Oxford University Press (OUP), 2019-11-01)
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Numerical and experimental investigations of the flow-pressure relation in multiple sequential stenoses coronary artery
Virtual fractional flow reserve (vFFR) has been evaluated as an adjunct to invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) in the light of its operational and economic benefits. The accuracy of vFFR and the complexity of hyperemic flow simulation are still not clearly understood. This study investigates the flow-pressure relation in an idealised multiple sequential stenoses coronary artery model via numerical and experimental approaches. Pressure drop is linearly correlated with flow rate irrespective of the number of stenosis. Computational fluid dynamics results are in good agreement with the experimental data, demonstrating reasonable accuracy of vFFR. It was also found that the difference between data obtained with steady and pulsatile flows is negligible, indicating the steady flow may be used instead of pulsatile flow conditions in vFFR computation. This study adds to the current understanding of vFFR and may improve its clinical applicability as an adjunct to invasively determined FFR.