Medicine (Northern Health) - Research Publications
Now showing items 1-4 of 4
Management of atherosclerotic plaque in left internal mammary artery graft five years after angiographic patency: A case report
(BAISHIDENG PUBLISHING GROUP INC, 2019-11-26)
BACKGROUND: The left internal mammary artery (LIMA) has demonstrated excellent long-term patency rates when used as a bypass conduit with complications usually occurring in the early postoperative period. The rapid development of de-novo atherosclerosis in a previously non-diseased LIMA, subsequently leading to an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is rarely encountered. CASE SUMMARY: A 67-year-old man with history of triple coronary artery bypass graft (8 years ago) presented to our hospital with an ACS. He had undergone angiography 5 years ago to investigate episodic chest pain and imaging of the LIMA at the time did not demonstrate the atherosclerotic process. Emergent angiography demonstrated a severe diffuse stenosis in the proximal to mid segment of the LIMA, with embolization of a moderate sized thrombus to the distal skip segment. The LIMA stenosis was characterised by overlying haziness, consistent with acute plaque rupture, associated with residual luminal thrombus. The patient was managed with antithrombotic therapy to reduce the thrombus burden until repeat angiography after 72 h. At repeat angiography, the thrombus burden was substantially reduced at the distal skip segment as well as at the proximal to mid LIMA with the demonstration of multiple plaque cavities. This lesion was predilated and a 2.75 mm × 33 mm everolimus-eluting stent was implanted to a final diameter of 3.0 mm. The patient made a good clinical recovery and was discharged after 6 d. CONCLUSION: This case highlights the rapid and late development of atherosclerosis in a graft 5 years after documented patency and the importance for consideration of expectant thrombus management.
Expert recommendations on the assessment of wall shear stress in human coronary arteries: existing methodologies, technical considerations, and clinical applications
(Oxford University Press (OUP), 2019-11-01)
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Numerical and experimental investigations of the flow-pressure relation in multiple sequential stenoses coronary artery
Virtual fractional flow reserve (vFFR) has been evaluated as an adjunct to invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) in the light of its operational and economic benefits. The accuracy of vFFR and the complexity of hyperemic flow simulation are still not clearly understood. This study investigates the flow-pressure relation in an idealised multiple sequential stenoses coronary artery model via numerical and experimental approaches. Pressure drop is linearly correlated with flow rate irrespective of the number of stenosis. Computational fluid dynamics results are in good agreement with the experimental data, demonstrating reasonable accuracy of vFFR. It was also found that the difference between data obtained with steady and pulsatile flows is negligible, indicating the steady flow may be used instead of pulsatile flow conditions in vFFR computation. This study adds to the current understanding of vFFR and may improve its clinical applicability as an adjunct to invasively determined FFR.