The association of time and medications with changes in bone mineral density in the 2 years after critical illness
AuthorOrford, NR; Bailey, M; Bellomo, R; Pasco, JA; Cattigan, C; Elderkin, T; Brennan-Olsen, SL; Cooper, DJ; Kotowicz, MA
Source TitleCRITICAL CARE
University of Melbourne Author/sKotowicz, Mark; Pasco, Julie; Brennan-Olsen, Sharon; Bellomo, Rinaldo; Bailey, Michael
AffiliationMedicine (Austin & Northern Health)
Medicine, Western Health
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsOrford, N. R., Bailey, M., Bellomo, R., Pasco, J. A., Cattigan, C., Elderkin, T., Brennan-Olsen, S. L., Cooper, D. J. & Kotowicz, M. A. (2017). The association of time and medications with changes in bone mineral density in the 2 years after critical illness. CRITICAL CARE, 21 (1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s13054-017-1657-6.
Access StatusOpen Access
Open Access at PMChttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5361814
BACKGROUND: Critical illness is associated with increased risk of fragility fracture and loss of bone mineral density (BMD), although the impact of medication exposures (bone anti-fracture therapy or glucocorticoids) and time remain unexplored. The objective of this study was to describe the association of time after ICU admission, and post-ICU administration of bone anti-fracture therapy or glucocorticoids after critical illness, with change in BMD. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, conducted in a tertiary hospital ICU, we studied adult patients requiring mechanical ventilation for at least 24 hours and measured BMD annually for 2 years after ICU discharge. We performed mixed linear modelling to describe the association of time, and post-ICU administration of anti-fracture therapy or glucocorticoids, with annualised change in BMD. RESULTS: Ninety-two participants with a mean age of 63 (±15) years had at least one BMD assessment after ICU discharge. In women, a greater loss of spine BMD occurred in the first year after critical illness (year 1: -1.1 ± 2.0% vs year 2: 3.0 ± 1.7%, p = 0.02), and anti-fracture therapy use was associated with reduced loss of BMD (femur 3.1 ± 2.4% vs -2.8 ± 1.7%, p = 0.04, spine 5.1 ± 2.5% vs -3.2 ± 1.8%, p = 0.01). In men anti-fracture and glucocorticoid use were not associated with change in BMD, and a greater decrease in BMD occurred in the second year after critical illness (year 1: -0.9 ± 2.1% vs year 2: -2.5 ± 2.1%, p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: In women a greater loss of spine BMD was observed in the first year after critical illness, and anti-fracture therapy use was associated with an increase in BMD. In men BMD loss increased in the second year after critical illness. Anti-fracture therapy may be an effective intervention to prevent bone loss in women after critical illness.
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