Medicine (Austin & Northern Health) - Theses
Now showing items 1-10 of 126
Health consequences for mother and baby of substantial pre-conception weight loss in women with obesity
Obesity in women of child-bearing age is common. There is little evidence that modest weight loss using lifestyle modification alters pregnancy outcomes. Bariatric surgery results in substantial weight loss, which reduces ...
The AGE/RAGE pathway in NAFLD progression to liver fibrosis: targets for prevention and treatment
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most prevalent liver disease in Australia and around the world and affects up to 40% of the adult population. It is the leading cause for liver transplantation in the USA ...
Identification and removal of unwanted variation in large gene expression data
Gene expression experiments are conducted to better understand the biological mechanisms in cells and tissues. Examples of the wide range of research and clinical applications of gene expression analysis include: identifying ...
Oxygen therapy in interstitial lung disease
The interstitial lung diseases (ILD) are a diverse group of inflammatory and fibrotic lung conditions which cause significant morbidity and mortality. The prototypic ILD, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, is the most common ...
Therapeutic potential of targeting the protective arm of the renin angiotensin system in cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic portal hypertension
Portal hypertension (PHT) and bleeding from gastroesophageal varices is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in cirrhotic patients. In cirrhotics, splanchnic vasodilatation leading to an elevated portal venous inflow ...
T cell immunity to cytomegalovirus in health, transplantation and novel vaccines
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infects the majority of the world’s population and establishes a life-long infection, which requires intact T cell responses to control. Infants in utero and immune-compromised populations are most ...
The use of humidified, warmed CO2 in cancer surgery to improve patient outcomes
Aim To investigate the effects of warmed, humidified CO2 on peritoneal inflammation and tissue damage, tumor microenvironment, and perioperative outcomes in colorectal cancer surgery. Methods • A literature review ...
Towards better management of obstructive sleep apnoea in tetraplegia
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a highly prevalent complication of tetraplegia that worsens health and quality of life. There are effective treatments available yet access to OSA diagnosis and treatment is poor. The ...
Tracking cerebral amyloid accumulation in ageing, mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias
Background Alzheimer’s disease (AD), the most common form of dementia in the elderly, is thought to result from the neurotoxicity of cerebral β-amyloid (Aβ) plaques. Accumulation of Aβ plaques begins years before AD ...
The role of the alternate renin angiotensin system in human portal hypertension
The vast majority of morbidity and mortality in human liver cirrhosis occurs due to portal hypertension. In advanced cirrhosis as resistance to intra-hepatic portal flow increases there is vasodilatation of the splanchnic ...