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dc.contributor.authorConnor, SE
dc.contributor.authorSchneider, L
dc.contributor.authorTrezise, J
dc.contributor.authorRule, S
dc.contributor.authorBarrett, RL
dc.contributor.authorZawadzki, A
dc.contributor.authorHaberle, SG
dc.date.available2018-07-02T16:15:02Z
dc.date.issued2018-05-01
dc.identifierhttp://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000438651900008&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=d4d813f4571fa7d6246bdc0dfeca3a1c
dc.identifier.citationConnor, S. E., Schneider, L., Trezise, J., Rule, S., Barrett, R. L., Zawadzki, A. & Haberle, S. G. (2018). Forgotten impacts of European land-use on riparian and savanna vegetation in northwest Australia. JOURNAL OF VEGETATION SCIENCE, 29 (3), pp.427-437. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.12591.
dc.identifier.issn1100-9233
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/213924
dc.description.abstractQUESTIONS: Fire and livestock grazing are regarded as current threats to biodiversity and landscape integrity in northern Australia, yet it remains unclear what biodiversity losses and habitat changes occurred in the 19–20th centuries as livestock and novel fire regimes were introduced by Europeans. What baseline is appropriate for assessing current and future environmental change? LOCATION: Australia's Kimberley region is internationally recognized for its unique biodiversity and cultural heritage. The region is home to some of the world's most extensive and ancient rock art galleries, created by Aboriginal peoples since their arrival on the continent 65,000 years ago. The Kimberley is considered one of Australia's most intact landscapes and its assumed natural vegetation has been mapped in detail. METHODS: Interpretations are based on a continuous sediment record obtained from a waterhole on the Mitchell River floodplain. Sediments were analysed for geochemical and palynological proxies of environmental change and dated using ²¹⁰Pb and ¹⁴C techniques. RESULTS: We show that the present‐day vegetation in and around the waterhole is very different to its pre‐European counterpart. Pre‐European riparian vegetation was dominated by Antidesma ghaesembilla and Banksia dentata, both of which declined rapidly at the beginning of the 20th century. Soon after, savanna density around the site declined and grasses became more prevalent. These vegetation shifts were accompanied by geochemical and biological evidence for increased grazing, local burning, erosion and eutrophication. CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that the Kimberley region's vegetation, while maintaining a ‘natural’ appearance, has been altered dramatically during the last 100 years through grazing and fire regime changes. Landscape management should consider whether the current (impacted) vegetation is a desirable or realistic baseline target for biodiversity conservation.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherWILEY
dc.titleForgotten impacts of European land-use on riparian and savanna vegetation in northwest Australia
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/jvs.12591
melbourne.affiliation.departmentSchool of Geography
melbourne.source.titleJOURNAL OF VEGETATION SCIENCE
melbourne.source.volume29
melbourne.source.issue3
melbourne.source.pages427-437
melbourne.identifier.arcDP140103591
melbourne.elementsid1337547
melbourne.internal.embargodate2018-11-30
melbourne.contributor.authorConnor, Simon
dc.identifier.eissn1654-1103
melbourne.identifier.fundernameidAustralian Research Council, DP140103591
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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