Suppressors of oncogenic Cbl in the Drosophila eye.
AuthorSannang, Rowena Tenri
AffiliationAnatomy and Neuroscience
Document TypeMasters Research thesis
Access StatusOpen Access
© 2018 Rowena Tenri Sannang
Cbl is an E3 ligase, and downregulates several cellular signalling pathways, in this role by targeting receptor tyrosine kinases for endocytosis. Mammalian Cbl was first identified as the full-length isoform of v-Cbl, a C-terminal truncated dominant negative oncogene that permits binding of v-Cbl to Cbl targets but does not facilitate their ubiquitination. This results in constitutive activation of the receptor tyrosine kinase. In this thesis, I used a Drosophila analogue of v-Cbl, named Dv-cbl. GMR>Dv-cbl had been used prior to the commencement of this study to screen for modifiers of its rough and overgrown eye phenotype using the Gene search system, a transposon-based inducible expression system. In this study, a subset of the suppressors of the GMR>Dvcbl phenotype from that screen, and two other representative lines were further investigated. The published interactions and functions of the genes implicated by the GS lines are discussed and a method of suppression of the GMR>Dv-cbl phenotype by each line is suggested. In the published work presented in this thesis, the Akap200 expressing lines EP2254 and GS2208 were further studied. Expression of Akap200 in EP2254 was confirmed via mRNA in situ hybridisation, and its ability to also suppress the Ras85DV12 phenotype was confirmed. The ability of EP2254 to suppress GMR-Dv-cbl and sev-Ras85DV12 coexpression was confirmed. When GMR-Dv-cbl and sev-Ras85DV12 are coexpressed, a phenotype that is greater than the cumulative phenotype of each would suggest arises. In fact, GMR-Dvcbl (where Dv-cbl was directly driven from the GMR promoter) was used instead of GMR-Gal4, UAS-Dv-cbl (GMR>Dv-cbl) as the coexpression of GMR>Dv-cbl and sev- Ras85DV12 results in lethality, and coexpression of GMR-Dv-cbl and sev-Ras85DV12 did not. Alone, each has a mildly rough eye. I showed that EP2254 was able to suppress this phenotype and that this suppression was partially independent of apoptosis. The endogenous function of Akap200 in the Drosophila eye was then investigated. An mRNA in situ hybridisation experiment showed that endogenous Akap200 is present in the eye disc, and a series of immunohistochemical stains showed that Akap200 was expressed in a subset of photoreceptor cells. Knockdown of Akap200 using RNAi lines showed that endogenous Akap200 was having a modifying effect on the GMR>Dv-cbl phenotype, as knockdown of Akap200 enhances the GMR>Dv-cbl phenotype. A recent study suggests that Notch is protected from internalisation by Cbl by Akap200, which is consistent with the results in this thesis.
KeywordsDrosophila; Cbl; Ras; Akap200; oncogene
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