Dietary nano-chromium tripicolinate increases feed intake and decreases plasma cortisol in finisher gilts during summer
AuthorHung, AT; Leury, BJ; Sabin, MA; Collins, CL; Dunshea, FR
Source TitleTROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION
Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences
Agriculture and Food Systems
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsHung, AT; Leury, BJ; Sabin, MA; Collins, CL; Dunshea, FR, Dietary nano-chromium tripicolinate increases feed intake and decreases plasma cortisol in finisher gilts during summer, TROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION, 2014, 46 (8), pp. 1483 - 1489
Access StatusOpen Access
Chromium (Cr) is an essential mineral element and has been used in pig diets to improve growth performance, insulin sensitivity, immune response and carcase traits and to reduce heat or other stress responses. The aims of thiss study were to determine the impact of nano-sized chromium tripicolinate (nCrPic) on growth performance, feed efficiency and carcase characteristics of finisher gilts during the summer period. A total of 60 finisher Large White x Landrace gilts were stratified on initial weight and then within strata randomly allocated into two treatment groups in three replicates during mid-summer for 28 days. All pigs were housed in individual pens and had ad libitum access to feed and water. Pigs were fed either a control finisher diet (wheat-based diet containing 13.8 MJ digestible energy (DE) per kilogram and 0.56 g available lysine/MJ DE) or a control diet containing 400 ppb Cr as nCrPic. Dietary nCrPic supplementation increased feed intake by 6 % over the entire study (P = 0.05). In particular, dietary nCrPic increased average daily feed intake (ADFI) by 8 % (P = 0.02) during the final 2 weeks of the study. Moreover, dietary nCrPic tended to improve average daily feed (ADFI) over the entire study (P = 0.09). However, there were no significant effects of nCrPic on feed conversion ratio (FCR), final weight, hot standard carcase weight (HCWT), P2 depth or dressing percentage. Plasma cortisol was decreased by 25 % (P = 0.06) by dietary nCrPic supplementation. However, there were no effects of nCrPic on plasma glucose, insulin and nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), might because of the higher feed intake. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that dietary nCrPic supplementation at 400 ppb can increase feed intake in finisher gilts during mid-summer, suggesting that nCrPic can ameliorate some of the negative effects of heat stress in pigs, possibly via decreased of circulating cortisol.
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