Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorWettenhall, Roland Seton
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-25T01:15:17Z
dc.date.available2019-10-25T01:15:17Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/230677
dc.description© 2019 Roland Seton Wettenhall
dc.description.abstractABSTRACT Entrepreneurial individuals who migrated seeking adventure, wealth and opportunity initially stimulated friendly societies in Victoria. As seen through the development of friendly societies in Victoria, this thesis examines the migration of an English nineteenth-century culture of self-help. Friendly societies may be described as mutually operated, community-based, benefit societies that encouraged financial prudence and social conviviality within the umbrella of recognised institutions that lent social respectability to their members. The benefits initially obtained were sickness benefit payments, funeral benefits and ultimately medical benefits – all at a time when no State social security systems existed. Contemporaneously, they were social institutions wherein members attended regular meetings for social interaction and the friendship of like-minded individuals. Members were highly visible in community activities from the smallest bush community picnics to attendances at Royal visits. Membership provided a social cache and well as financial peace of mind, both important features of nineteenth-century Victorian society. This is the first scholarly work on the friendly society movement in Victoria, a significant location for the establishment of such societies in Australia. The thesis reveals for the first time that members came from all strata of occupations, from labourers to High Court Judges – a finding that challenges conventional wisdom about the class composition of friendly societies. Finally, the extent of their presence in all aspects of society, from philanthropic to military, and rural to urban, is revealed through their activities and influence in their communities. Their physical legacy has diminished as buildings were demolished or re-purposed, but it remains visible in some prominent structures in major Victorian cities. A final legacy is the Victorian community’s on-going financial use of private health insurance cover. This financial prudence has its roots in the friendly society movement. Theirs is largely an invisible history but one deserving of being told.
dc.rightsTerms and Conditions: Copyright in works deposited in Minerva Access is retained by the copyright owner. The work may not be altered without permission from the copyright owner. Readers may only download, print and save electronic copies of whole works for their own personal non-commercial use. Any use that exceeds these limits requires permission from the copyright owner. Attribution is essential when quoting or paraphrasing from these works.
dc.subjectMUIOOF
dc.subjectmutuals
dc.subjectselfhelp
dc.subjectthrift
dc.subjectbenefits
dc.subjectVictoria
dc.subjectoddfellows
dc.subjectoccupations
dc.subjectManchester
dc.subjectforestors
dc.subjectMelbourne
dc.subjectsocial history
dc.subjectsocial capital
dc.subjectvoluntarism
dc.subjectdispensaries
dc.subjectmedical
dc.subjecthealth
dc.subjectwelfare
dc.subjectsecurity
dc.subjectANA
dc.subjectabstinence
dc.subjecttemperance
dc.subjectinstitutes
dc.subjectIOOF
dc.subjectAOF
dc.subjectGUOFG
dc.subjectGUOOF
dc.subjecthibernian
dc.subjectunity
dc.subjectDruids
dc.subjectrespectability
dc.subjectaspiration
dc.titleThe Influence of the friendly society movement in Victoria, 1835-1920
dc.typePhD thesis
melbourne.affiliation.departmentSchool of Historical and Philosophical Studies
melbourne.affiliation.facultyArts
melbourne.thesis.supervisornameAndrew May
melbourne.contributor.authorWettenhall, Roland Seton
melbourne.thesis.supervisorothernameJohn Murphy
melbourne.tes.fieldofresearch1210303 Australian History
melbourne.tes.confirmedtrue
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record