Output constrained extremum seeking: theory and application to UAV communication chains
AffiliationElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Document TypeMasters Research thesis
Access StatusThis item is embargoed and will be available on 2022-02-14.
© 2019 Chwen-Kai Liao
Typically, the mobile ad-hoc network (MANET) refers to networks that do not rely on a pre-existing infrastructure such as wired routers to provide communication support. Ideally, a MANET is self-configuring, and nodes in the network can be dynamically added, removed, and change their locations as necessary. The goal of this thesis is to develop a distributed controller to restore a short-term communication service in a disaster-stricken area, through deploying a team of UAV-mounted communication relays. The deployed relays acting as mobile routers provide communication service for people in the disaster-stricken area. To serve more people, the deployed MANET is preferred to scatter in a highly populated region. In other words, we set the sparsely populated region as the constrained area where the deployed MANET are not preferred to enter. Since the environmental conditions such as humidity and obstacles within the signal path can affect, for instance, the path loss coefficient and the signal decay rate while modelling the signal distribution of the relay node. Without an accurate signal distribution model, deploying MANET to fixed locations using a signal-model-based approach can easily render the result suboptimal. In this regard, we proposed a novel extremum seeking control scheme, a model-free online optimisation strategy, to optimise the MANET communication quality, and meanwhile subject to the area constraint. Under reasonable assumptions and parameter tuning, the derived controller is shown to provide semi-global practical asymptotic stability guarantees for a class of multi-input multi-output dynamic plant. The developed method extends the known class of algorithms by explicitly incorporating constraints to meet the requirements of the UAV-based system described above. Numerical simulations of signal chaining using MANET with an area constraint are given to validate the proposed strategy.
KeywordsAdaptive control; Extremum seeking; UAVs; Decentralised control
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