Budget-constrained Workflow Applications Scheduling in Workflow-as-a-Service Cloud Computing Environments
AuthorMuhammad Hafizhuddin, Hilman
AffiliationComputing and Information Systems
Document TypePhD thesis
Access StatusOpen Access
© 2020 Hilman Muhammad Hafizhuddin
The adoption of workflow, an inter-connected tasks and data processing application model, in the scientific community has led to the acceleration of scientific discovery. The workflow facilitates the execution of complex scientific applications that involves a vast amount of data. These workflows are large-scale applications and require massive computational infrastructures. Therefore, deploying them in distributed systems, such as cloud computing environments, is a necessity to acquire a reasonable amount of processing time. With the increasing demand for scientific workflows execution and the rising trends of cloud computing environments, there is a potential market to provide a computational service for executing scientific workflows in the clouds. Hence, the term Workflow-as-a-Service (WaaS) emerges along with the rising of the Everything-as-a-Service concept. This WaaS concept escalates the functionality of a conventional workflow management system (WMS) to serve a more significant number of users in a utility service model. In this case, the platform, which is called the WaaS platform, must be able to handle multiple workflows scheduling and resource provisioning in cloud computing environments in contrast to its single workflow management of traditional WMS. This thesis investigates the novel approaches for budget-constrained multiple workflows resource provisioning and scheduling in the context of the WaaS platform. They address the challenges in managing multiple workflows execution that not only comes from the users' perspective, which includes the heterogeneity of workloads, quality of services, and software requirements, but also problems that arise from the cloud environments as the underlying computational infrastructure. The latter aspect brings up the issues of the heterogeneity of resources, performance variability, and uncertainties in the form of overhead delays of resource provisioning and network-related activities. It pushes a boundary in the area by making the following contributions: - A taxonomy and survey of the state-of-the-art multiple workflows scheduling in multi-tenant distributed computing systems. - A budget distribution strategy to assign tasks' budgets based on the heterogeneous type of VMs in cloud computing environments. - A budget-constrained resource provisioning and scheduling algorithm for multiple workflows that aims to minimize workflows' makespan while meeting the budget. - An online and incremental learning approach to predict task runtime that considers the performance variability of cloud computing environments. - The implementation of multiple workflows scheduling algorithm and its integration to extend the existing WMS for the development of WaaS platform.
Keywordsmultiple workflows; scientific workflows; Workflow-as-a-Service; budget-constrained scheduling; task runtime prediction; online incremental learning; Workflow Management Systems; cloud computing; resource management
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