Fast Calibration of a Robust Model Predictive Controller for Diesel Engine Airpath
AuthorSankar, GS; Shekhar, RC; Manzie, C; Sano, T; Nakada, H
Source TitleIEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology
University of Melbourne Author/sManzie, Christopher; Shekhar, Rohan; Gowri Sankar, Gokul Siva Sankar
AffiliationElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsSankar, G. S., Shekhar, R. C., Manzie, C., Sano, T. & Nakada, H. (2020). Fast Calibration of a Robust Model Predictive Controller for Diesel Engine Airpath. IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology, 28 (4), pp.1505-1519. https://doi.org/10.1109/TCST.2019.2917686.
Access StatusOpen Access
ARC Grant codeARC/LP160100650
A significant challenge in the development of control systems for diesel airpath applications is to tune the controller parameters to achieve satisfactory output performance, especially while adhering to input and safety constraints in the presence of unknown system disturbances. Model-based control techniques, such as model predictive control (MPC), have been successfully applied to multivariable and highly nonlinear systems, such as diesel engines, while considering operational constraints. However, efficient calibration of typical implementations of MPC is hindered by the high number of tuning parameters and their nonintuitive correlation with the output response. In this paper, the number of effective tuning parameters is reduced through suitable structural modifications to the controller formulation and an appropriate redesign of the MPC cost function to aid rapid calibration. Furthermore, a constraint tighteninglike approach is augmented to the control architecture to provide robustness guarantees in the face of uncertainties. A switched linear time-invariant MPC strategy with recursive feasibility guarantees during controller switching is proposed to handle transient operation of the engine. The robust controller is first implemented on a high-fidelity simulation environment, with a comprehensive investigation of its calibration to achieve desired transient response under step changes in the fuelling rate. An experimental study then validates and highlights the performance of the proposed controller architecture for the selected tunings of the calibration parameters for fuelling steps and over drive cycles.
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