Social factors associated with chronic non-communicable disease and comorbidity with mental health problems in India: a scoping review
AuthorDevassy, SM; Benny, AM; Scaria, L; Nannatt, A; Fendt-Newlin, M; Joubert, J; Joubert, L; Webber, M
Source TitleBMJ Open
PublisherBMJ PUBLISHING GROUP
University of Melbourne Author/sJoubert, Lynette
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsDevassy, S. M., Benny, A. M., Scaria, L., Nannatt, A., Fendt-Newlin, M., Joubert, J., Joubert, L. & Webber, M. (2020). Social factors associated with chronic non-communicable disease and comorbidity with mental health problems in India: a scoping review. BMJ OPEN, 10 (6), https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-035590.
Access StatusOpen Access
Open Access at PMChttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322289
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to examine the existing literature of the major social risk factors which are associated with diabetes, hypertension and the comorbid conditions of depression and anxiety in India. DESIGN: Scoping review. DATA SOURCES: Scopus, Embase, CINAHL Plus, PsycINFO, Web of Science and MEDLINE were searched for through September 2019. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Studies reporting data on social risk factors for diabetes or hypertension and depression or anxiety in community-based samples of adults from India, published in English in the 10 years to 2019, were included. Studies that did not disaggregate pooled data from other countries were excluded. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: Two independent reviewers extracted study aims; methods; sample size and description; demographic, social and behavioural risk factors and a summary of findings from each paper. Risk factors were synthesised into six emergent themes. RESULTS: Ten studies were considered eligible and included in this review. Nine presented cross-sectional data and one was a qualitative case study. Six themes emerged, that is, demographic factors, economic aspects, social networks, life events, health barriers and health risk behaviours. CONCLUSIONS: Literature relating to the major social risk factors associated with diabetes, hypertension and comorbid depression and anxiety in India is sparse. More research is required to better understand the interactions of social context and social risk factors with non-communicable diseases and comorbid mental health problems so as to better inform management of these in the Indian subcontinent.
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