In Situ Assessment of Intrinsic Strength of X-IOA-Type Halogen Bonds in Molecular Crystals with Periodic Local Vibrational Mode Theory
AuthorTao, Y; Qiu, Y; Zou, W; Nanayakkara, S; Yannacone, S; Kraka, E
University of Melbourne Author/sQiu, Yue
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsTao, Y., Qiu, Y., Zou, W., Nanayakkara, S., Yannacone, S. & Kraka, E. (2020). In Situ Assessment of Intrinsic Strength of X-IOA-Type Halogen Bonds in Molecular Crystals with Periodic Local Vibrational Mode Theory. MOLECULES, 25 (7), https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25071589.
Access StatusOpen Access
Periodic local vibrational modes were calculated with the rev-vdW-DF2 density functional to quantify the intrinsic strength of the X-I⋯OA-type halogen bonding (X = I or Cl; OA: carbonyl, ether and N-oxide groups) in 32 model systems originating from 20 molecular crystals. We found that the halogen bonding between the donor dihalogen X-I and the wide collection of acceptor molecules OA features considerable variations of the local stretching force constants (0.1-0.8 mdyn/Å) for I⋯O halogen bonds, demonstrating its powerful tunability in bond strength. Strong correlations between bond length and local stretching force constant were observed in crystals for both the donor X-I bonds and I⋯O halogen bonds, extending for the first time the generalized Badger's rule to crystals. It is demonstrated that the halogen atom X controlling the electrostatic attraction between the σ -hole on atom I and the acceptor atom O dominates the intrinsic strength of I⋯O halogen bonds. Different oxygen-containing acceptor molecules OA and even subtle changes induced by substituents can tweak the n → σ ∗ (X-I) charge transfer character, which is the second important factor determining the I⋯O bond strength. In addition, the presence of the second halogen bond with atom X of the donor X-I bond in crystals can substantially weaken the target I⋯O halogen bond. In summary, this study performing the in situ measurement of halogen bonding strength in crystalline structures demonstrates the vast potential of the periodic local vibrational mode theory for characterizing and understanding non-covalent interactions in materials.
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