Management of atherosclerotic plaque in left internal mammary artery graft five years after angiographic patency: A case report
AuthorNandal, S; Narayan, O; Barlis, P; Ponnuthurai, FA
Source TitleWorld Journal of Cardiology
PublisherBAISHIDENG PUBLISHING GROUP INC
University of Melbourne Author/sBarlis, Peter
AffiliationMedicine, Northern Health
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsNandal, S., Narayan, O., Barlis, P. & Ponnuthurai, F. A. (2019). Management of atherosclerotic plaque in left internal mammary artery graft five years after angiographic patency: A case report. WORLD JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 11 (11), https://doi.org/10.4330/wjc.v11.i11.277.
Access StatusOpen Access
BACKGROUND: The left internal mammary artery (LIMA) has demonstrated excellent long-term patency rates when used as a bypass conduit with complications usually occurring in the early postoperative period. The rapid development of de-novo atherosclerosis in a previously non-diseased LIMA, subsequently leading to an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is rarely encountered. CASE SUMMARY: A 67-year-old man with history of triple coronary artery bypass graft (8 years ago) presented to our hospital with an ACS. He had undergone angiography 5 years ago to investigate episodic chest pain and imaging of the LIMA at the time did not demonstrate the atherosclerotic process. Emergent angiography demonstrated a severe diffuse stenosis in the proximal to mid segment of the LIMA, with embolization of a moderate sized thrombus to the distal skip segment. The LIMA stenosis was characterised by overlying haziness, consistent with acute plaque rupture, associated with residual luminal thrombus. The patient was managed with antithrombotic therapy to reduce the thrombus burden until repeat angiography after 72 h. At repeat angiography, the thrombus burden was substantially reduced at the distal skip segment as well as at the proximal to mid LIMA with the demonstration of multiple plaque cavities. This lesion was predilated and a 2.75 mm × 33 mm everolimus-eluting stent was implanted to a final diameter of 3.0 mm. The patient made a good clinical recovery and was discharged after 6 d. CONCLUSION: This case highlights the rapid and late development of atherosclerosis in a graft 5 years after documented patency and the importance for consideration of expectant thrombus management.
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