Systematic review: Pelvic floor muscle training for functional bowel symptoms in inflammatory bowel disease
AuthorKhera, AJ; Chase, JW; Salzberg, M; Thompson, AJ; Kamm, MA
Source TitleJGH Open
Medicine and Radiology
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsKhera, A. J., Chase, J. W., Salzberg, M., Thompson, A. J. & Kamm, M. A. (2019). Systematic review: Pelvic floor muscle training for functional bowel symptoms in inflammatory bowel disease. JGH OPEN, 3 (6), pp.494-507. https://doi.org/10.1002/jgh3.12207.
Access StatusOpen Access
Background and Aim: Large bowel functional symptoms are common in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who are in disease remission. The efficacy of pelvic floor muscle training for symptoms of evacuation difficulty or fecal incontinence is well established in patients without organic bowel disease but is unknown in these patients. This study aimed to systematically evaluate the published evidence in this group of patients. Methods: A systematic review was conducted of articles evaluating pelvic floor muscle training, with or without biofeedback, to improve bowel function in patients with quiescent IBD, including those with an ileoanal pouch. The outcome of interest was improved bowel function measured by bowel diary, patient report, or validated questionnaire in randomized controlled studies, cohort studies, or case series. Results: Two randomized controlled trials, four retrospective case series, and one prospective study met eligibility criteria. Pelvic floor muscle training for patients with quiescent IBD improved symptoms in 51 of 76 (68%) patients with evacuation difficulty and 20 of 25 (80%) patients with fecal incontinence. Pelvic floor muscle training for patients with an ileoanal pouch, prior to stoma closure, did not appear to reduce the risk or severity of fecal incontinence following stoma closure. Studies were limited by small numbers, study design, methodological quality, and lack of long-term follow-up. Conclusion: Pelvic floor muscle training appears to be of therapeutic value in some patients with quiescent IBD and evacuation difficulty or fecal incontinence. The effectiveness of this approach warrants further investigation.
- Click on "Export Reference in RIS Format" and choose "open with... Endnote".
- Click on "Export Reference in RIS Format". Login to Refworks, go to References => Import References