Bidirectional and Opposite Effects of Naive Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Tumor Growth and Progression
AuthorRahmatizadeh, F; Aziz, SG-G; Khodadadi, K; Ataei, ML; Ebrahimie, E; Rad, JS; Pashaiasl, M
Source TitleAdvanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
PublisherTABRIZ UNIV MEDICAL SCIENCES & HEALTH SERVICES
University of Melbourne Author/sKhodadadi, Khodadad
AffiliationMedicine Dentistry & Health Sciences
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsRahmatizadeh, F., Aziz, S. G. -G., Khodadadi, K., Ataei, M. L., Ebrahimie, E., Rad, J. S. & Pashaiasl, M. (2019). Bidirectional and Opposite Effects of Naive Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Tumor Growth and Progression. ADVANCED PHARMACEUTICAL BULLETIN, 9 (4), pp.539-558. https://doi.org/10.15171/apb.2019.063.
Access StatusOpen Access
Cancer has long been considered as a heterogeneous population of uncontrolled proliferation of different transformed cell types. The recent findings concerning tumorigeneses have highlighted the fact that tumors can progress through tight relationships among tumor cells, cellular, and non-cellular components which are present within tumor tissues. In recent years, studies have shown that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are essential components of non-tumor cells within the tumor tissues that can strongly affect tumor development. Several forms of MSCs have been identified within tumor stroma. Naïve (innate) mesenchymal stem cells (N-MSCs) derived from different sources are mostly recruited into the tumor stroma. N-MSCs exert dual and divergent effects on tumor growth through different conditions and factors such as toll-like receptor priming (TLR-priming), which is the primary underlying causes of opposite effects. Moreover, MSCs also have the contrary effects by various molecular mechanisms relying on direct cellto- cell connections and indirect communications through the autocrine, paracrine routes, and tumor microenvironment (TME). Overall, cell-based therapies will hold great promise to provide novel anticancer treatments. However, the application of intact MSCs in cancer treatment can theoretically cause adverse clinical outcomes. It is essential that to extensively analysis the effective factors and conditions in which underlying mechanisms are adopted by MSCs when encounter with cancer. The aim is to review the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the dual effects of MSCs followed by the importance of polarization of MSCs through priming of TLRs.
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