Psychotropic drug-induced genetic-epigenetic modulation of CRTC1 gene is associated with early weight gain in a prospective study of psychiatric patients.
AuthorDelacrétaz, A; Glatard, A; Dubath, C; Gholam-Rezaee, M; Sanchez-Mut, JV; Gräff, J; von Gunten, A; Conus, P; Eap, CB
Source TitleClinical Epigenetics
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
University of Melbourne Author/sConus, Philippe
AffiliationCentre for Youth Mental Health
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsDelacrétaz, A., Glatard, A., Dubath, C., Gholam-Rezaee, M., Sanchez-Mut, J. V., Gräff, J., von Gunten, A., Conus, P. & Eap, C. B. (2019). Psychotropic drug-induced genetic-epigenetic modulation of CRTC1 gene is associated with early weight gain in a prospective study of psychiatric patients.. Clin Epigenetics, 11 (1), pp.198-. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13148-019-0792-0.
Access StatusOpen Access
Open Access at PMChttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6933694
BACKGROUND: Metabolic side effects induced by psychotropic drugs represent a major health issue in psychiatry. CREB-regulated transcription coactivator 1 (CRTC1) gene plays a major role in the regulation of energy homeostasis and epigenetic mechanisms may explain its association with obesity features previously described in psychiatric patients. This prospective study included 78 patients receiving psychotropic drugs that induce metabolic disturbances, with weight and other metabolic parameters monitored regularly. Methylation levels in 76 CRTC1 probes were assessed before and after 1 month of psychotropic treatment in blood samples. RESULTS: Significant methylation changes were observed in three CRTC1 CpG sites (i.e., cg07015183, cg12034943, and cg 17006757) in patients with early and important weight gain (i.e., equal or higher than 5% after 1 month; FDR p value = 0.02). Multivariable models showed that methylation decrease in cg12034943 was more important in patients with early weight gain (≥ 5%) than in those who did not gain weight (p = 0.01). Further analyses combining genetic and methylation data showed that cg12034943 was significantly associated with early weight gain in patients carrying the G allele of rs4808844A>G (p = 0.03), a SNP associated with this methylation site (p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: These findings give new insights on psychotropic-induced weight gain and underline the need of future larger prospective epigenetic studies to better understand the complex pathways involved in psychotropic-induced metabolic side effects.
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