Melbourne School of Population and Global Health - Theses
Now showing items 1-10 of 222
Village chicken production and the risk of avian influenza events in Indonesian villages
As of 2019, Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) H5N1 is under control in Indonesia as a result of improved biosecurity and vaccination in large poultry enterprises. Nevertheless, the virus still circulates in less ...
Association between childhood asthma and allergies and adult chronic respiratory disorders in Sibship Data from Tasmanian Longitudinal Health Study
Background: Asthma in early and mid-life, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in later life, are two very common respiratory disorders that contribute enormously to the burden of disease in developed countries ...
The impact of the life trajectory of extremely low gestational age neonates on moral distress of healthcare professionals within neonatal intensive care units
Moral distress is experienced when clinicians feel constrained to provide care they believe is not in a patient’s interests. It is recognised as a significant issue within acute care settings. No studies have longitudinally ...
Immuno-epidemiological studies to inform artemisinin resistance surveillance and malaria elimination
The emergence of Plasmodium falciparum strains resistant to first-line antimalarial treatments the artemisinins in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) instigated the goal of total malaria elimination for the entire region. ...
Improving cardiac rehabilitation in Victoria
Background: Hospital admission rates due to cardiovascular disease are rising. Consequently, evidence-based, secondary prevention programs that enable people to self-manage their condition(s) within the community are ...
Khusela Immunisation Study: Strengthening clinic level immunisation service delivery in Western Cape Province, South Africa
Since implementation in 1974, the South African Expanded Programme on Immunisation (EPI) has had considerable impact on vaccine-preventable-diseases (VPDs). However, as in many low and middle-income countries, optimal ...
Epidemiology of obstructive sleep apnoea: diagnosis, prevalence, comorbiditis, and risk factors
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) occurs due to repetitive partial or complete upper airway obstruction during sleep and may lead to generalised hypoxia and/or arousals from sleep. OSA has both direct and indirect health and ...
Pre-existing mental disorders and health outcomes after release from prison: a case for continuity of care
Globally, there is good evidence that people in prison are distinguished by their poor health profile and by entrenched socio-economic disadvantage. Mental disorders, especially severe mental illness, are overrepresented ...
Risk factors for and outcomes of lung function deficits throughout the lifespan
Good lung function is essential for general health and longevity. The lungs are responsible for providing oxygen to meet the metabolic demands of the body and expelling waste products of cellular respiration. They also ...
The challenges of international scientific collaboration in twin research
Twin studies enable powerful approaches for untangling the roles of genes and the environment on human traits and conditions. Twin registries have been established across the globe since the 1950’s to facilitate twin studies ...