Accurate diagnosis of lesions suspected of being caused by Taenia solium in body organs of pigs with naturally acquired porcine cysticercosis
AuthorGauci, CG; Ayebazibwe, C; Nsadha, Z; Rutebarika, C; Poudel, I; Sah, K; Singh, DK; Stent, A; Colston, A; Donadeu, M; ...
Source TitlePLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
PublisherPublic Library of Science
University of Melbourne Author/sStent, Andrew; Lightowlers, Marshall; Gauci, Charles; Donadeu, Meritxell
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsGauci, C. G., Ayebazibwe, C., Nsadha, Z., Rutebarika, C., Poudel, I., Sah, K., Singh, D. K., Stent, A., Colston, A., Donadeu, M. & Lightowlers, M. W. (2019). Accurate diagnosis of lesions suspected of being caused by Taenia solium in body organs of pigs with naturally acquired porcine cysticercosis. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 13 (6), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007408.
Access StatusOpen Access
The definitive method for diagnosis of porcine cysticercosis is the detection of cysticerci at necropsy. Cysts are typically located in the striated muscle and brain. Until recently Taenia solium cysticerci have not been definitively identified in other tissue locations, despite several comprehensive investigations having been undertaken which included investigation of body organs other than muscle and brain. Recently a study conducted in Zambia reported 27% infection with T. solium in the liver of pigs with naturally acquired porcine cysticercosis, as well as some T. solium infection in the lungs and spleen of some animals. We investigated the cause of lesions in sites other than the muscle or brain in a total of 157 pigs from T. solium endemic regions of Uganda and Nepal which were subjected to extensive investigations at necropsy. Lesions which had the potential to be caused by T. solium were characterised by macroscopic and microscopic examination, histology as well as DNA characterisation by PCR-RFLP and sequencing. Lesions were confirmed as being caused by Taenia hydatigena (both viable and non-viable), by T. asiatica and Echinococcus granulosus (in Nepal) and nematode infections. No T. solium-related lesions or cysticerci were identified in any tissue other than muscle and brain. It is recommended that future evaluations of porcine cysticercosis in aberrant tissue locations include DNA analyses that take appropriate care to avoid the possibility of contamination of tissue specimens with DNA from a different tissue location or a different animal. The use of appropriate control samples to confirm the absence of cross-sample contamination is also recommended.
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