Mass Estimation of Galaxy Clusters with Deep Learning. I. Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect
AuthorGupta, N; Reichardt, CL
Source TitleAstrophysical Journal Supplement Series
PublisherAmerican Astronomical Society
AffiliationSchool of Physics
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsGupta, N. & Reichardt, C. L. (2020). Mass Estimation of Galaxy Clusters with Deep Learning. I. Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect. Astrophysical Journal, 900 (2), https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aba694.
Access StatusThis item is embargoed and will be available on 2021-09-07. Access full text via the Open Access location
Open Access URLhttps://arxiv.org/abs/2003.06135v2
ARC Grant codeARC/DP150103208
We present a new application of deep learning to infer the masses of galaxy clusters directly from images of the microwave sky. Effectively, this is a novel approach to determining the scaling relation between a cluster's Sunyaev–Zel'dovich (SZ) effect signal and mass. The deep-learning algorithm used is mResUNet, which is a modified feed-forward deep-learning algorithm that broadly combines residual learning, convolution layers with different dilation rates, image regression activation, and a U-Net framework. We train and test the deep-learning model using simulated images of the microwave sky that include signals from the cosmic microwave background, dusty and radio galaxies, and instrumental noise as well as the cluster's own SZ signal. The simulated cluster sample covers the mass range 1 × 1014 M ⊙ < M 200c < 8 × 1014 M ⊙ at z = 0.7. The trained model estimates the cluster masses with a 1σ uncertainty ΔM/M ≤ 0.2, consistent with the input scatter on the SZ signal of 20%. We verify that the model works for realistic SZ profiles even when trained on azimuthally symmetric SZ profiles by using the Magneticum hydrodynamical simulations.
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