Oncogene-induced senescence: From biology to therapy
AuthorZhu, H; Blake, S; Kusuma, FK; Pearson, RB; Kang, J; Chan, KT
Source TitleMechanisms of Ageing and Development
PublisherELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
AffiliationSir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsZhu, H., Blake, S., Kusuma, F. K., Pearson, R. B., Kang, J. & Chan, K. T. (2020). Oncogene-induced senescence: From biology to therapy. MECHANISMS OF AGEING AND DEVELOPMENT, 187, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mad.2020.111229.
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Oncogene-induced senescence (OIS) is a powerful intrinsic tumor-suppressive mechanism, arresting cell cycle progression upon oncogene-activating genomic alterations. The discovery and characterization of the senescence-associated secretome unveiled a rich additional complexity to the senescence phenotype, including extrinsic impacts on the microenvironment and engagement of the immune response. Emerging evidence suggests that senescence phenotypes vary depending on the oncogenic stimulus. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms underlying OIS and how they are subverted in cancer will provide invaluable opportunities to identify alternative strategies for treating oncogene-driven cancers. In this review, we primarily discuss the key mechanisms governing OIS driven by the RAS/MAPK and PI3K/AKT pathways and how understanding the biology of senescent cells has uncovered new therapeutic possibilities to target cancer.
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