Preoperative communication between anaesthetists and patients with obesity regarding perioperative risks and weight management: a structured narrative review
AuthorHodsdon, A; Smith, NA; Story, DA
Source TitlePerioperative Medicine
University of Melbourne Author/sStory, David
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsHodsdon, A., Smith, N. A. & Story, D. A. (2020). Preoperative communication between anaesthetists and patients with obesity regarding perioperative risks and weight management: a structured narrative review. PERIOPERATIVE MEDICINE, 9 (1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s13741-020-00154-4.
Access StatusOpen Access
Background: Individuals with obesity frequently present for anaesthesia and surgery. Good communication during the preoperative consultation can optimise the provision of relevant health information and guide improvement of health status preoperatively. Methods: We planned a systematic literature review to assess existing guidelines and evidence of effectiveness for how anaesthetists should communicate with patients who have obesity in the preoperative period about perioperative risks and weight management. Database searches used keywords related to perioperative weight loss conversations. We found no papers that directly addressed our aim. The literature identified as most relevant was analysed in the form of a narrative review. Results: The majority of suggestions for weight loss conversations came from primary care. Four primary themes potentially relevant to anaesthetists were identified: barriers to such conversations, communication tools, language and communication and specific recommendations. Identified barriers included lack of skills, training, poor remuneration, pessimism and time constraints for clinicians. Established discussion tools including the '5A's' approach (Assess, Advise, Agree, Assist, Arrange) and motivational interviewing may hold promise to improve preoperative conversations. The papers highlighted a need for empathetic language, including use of patient-specific language where possible. Conclusions: There are currently no published guidelines for how anaesthetists could most effectively discuss weight in the perioperative period with patients who have obesity. Much of the literature for obesity communication is based on the primary care setting. The perioperative period may represent an increased time of receptiveness for patients. Guidelines for discussions about weight management and associated perioperative risk are suggested.
- Click on "Export Reference in RIS Format" and choose "open with... Endnote".
- Click on "Export Reference in RIS Format". Login to Refworks, go to References => Import References