Classification of Smoke Contaminated Cabernet Sauvignon Berries and Leaves Based on Chemical Fingerprinting and Machine Learning Algorithms
AuthorSummerson, V; Gonzalez Viejo, C; Szeto, C; Wilkinson, KL; Torrico, DD; Pang, A; De Bei, R; Fuentes, S
University of Melbourne Author/sFuentes Jara, Sigfredo Augusto; Pang, Alexis; Gonzalez Viejo Duran, Claudia; Torrico, Damir; Summerson, Vasiliki
AffiliationAgriculture and Food Systems
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsSummerson, V., Gonzalez Viejo, C., Szeto, C., Wilkinson, K. L., Torrico, D. D., Pang, A., De Bei, R. & Fuentes, S. (2020). Classification of Smoke Contaminated Cabernet Sauvignon Berries and Leaves Based on Chemical Fingerprinting and Machine Learning Algorithms. SENSORS, 20 (18), https://doi.org/10.3390/s20185099.
Access StatusOpen Access
Wildfires are an increasing problem worldwide, with their number and intensity predicted to rise due to climate change. When fires occur close to vineyards, this can result in grapevine smoke contamination and, subsequently, the development of smoke taint in wine. Currently, there are no in-field detection systems that growers can use to assess whether their grapevines have been contaminated by smoke. This study evaluated the use of near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy as a chemical fingerprinting tool, coupled with machine learning, to create a rapid, non-destructive in-field detection system for assessing grapevine smoke contamination. Two artificial neural network models were developed using grapevine leaf spectra (Model 1) and grape spectra (Model 2) as inputs, and smoke treatments as targets. Both models displayed high overall accuracies in classifying the spectral readings according to the smoking treatments (Model 1: 98.00%; Model 2: 97.40%). Ultraviolet to visible spectroscopy was also used to assess the physiological performance and senescence of leaves, and the degree of ripening and anthocyanin content of grapes. The results showed that chemical fingerprinting and machine learning might offer a rapid, in-field detection system for grapevine smoke contamination that will enable growers to make timely decisions following a bushfire event, e.g., avoiding harvest of heavily contaminated grapes for winemaking or assisting with a sample collection of grapes for chemical analysis of smoke taint markers.
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