Impact of Alcohol Policies on Suicidal Behavior: A Systematic Literature Review.
AuthorKõlves, K; Chitty, KM; Wardhani, R; Värnik, A; de Leo, D; Witt, K
Source TitleInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
University of Melbourne Author/sWitt, Katrina
AffiliationCentre for Youth Mental Health
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsKõlves, K., Chitty, K. M., Wardhani, R., Värnik, A., de Leo, D. & Witt, K. (2020). Impact of Alcohol Policies on Suicidal Behavior: A Systematic Literature Review.. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 17 (19), pp.1-26. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197030.
Access StatusOpen Access
Open Access at PMChttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7578997
Alcohol consumption has been found to be related to suicidal behavior at the individual and population level, but there is lack of literature reviews on the effect of alcohol policies on suicidal behavior. Therefore, the aim of the current study is to conduct a systematic literature review of the impact of alcohol policies at the population level on suicidal behavior and ideation. We searched the Cochrane CENTRAL, Cochrane DARE, EMBASE, Medline, ProQuest, PsycINFO, PubMed, SCOPUS, and Web of Science electronic databases in March 2019. Papers analyzing alcohol policies limiting alcohol use and studying suicidal behaviors as an outcome measure were included; we identified 19 papers. Although the methods and effect sizes varied substantially in the studies, reducing alcohol often led to reduction in suicidal behavior. Ecological-level studies predominantly investigated the effect of restrictions on alcohol availability and increased cost of alcohol, and the majority presented a reduction in suicides across Western and Eastern Europe, as well as the US. The majority of studies were rated as unclear risk of bias for a number of domains due to a lack of clear reporting. Policies targeting harmful alcohol consumption may contribute towards a reduction in suicidal behavior at the population level.
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