Demographic Characteristics, Experiences, and Beliefs Associated with Hand Hygiene Among Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic - United States, June 24-30, 2020
AuthorCzeisler, ME; Garcia-Williams, AG; Molinari, N-A; Gharpure, R; Li, Y; Barrett, CE; Robbins, R; Facer-Childs, ER; Barger, LK; Czeisler, CA; ...
Source TitleMMWR : Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report
PublisherCENTERS DISEASE CONTROL & PREVENTION
University of Melbourne Author/sHoward, Mark
AffiliationMedicine (Austin & Northern Health)
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsCzeisler, M. E., Garcia-Williams, A. G., Molinari, N. -A., Gharpure, R., Li, Y., Barrett, C. E., Robbins, R., Facer-Childs, E. R., Barger, L. K., Czeisler, C. A., Rajaratnam, S. M. W. & Howard, M. E. (2020). Demographic Characteristics, Experiences, and Beliefs Associated with Hand Hygiene Among Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic - United States, June 24-30, 2020. MMWR-MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY WEEKLY REPORT, 69 (41), pp.1485-1491. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6941a3.
Access StatusOpen Access
Frequent hand hygiene, including handwashing with soap and water or using a hand sanitizer containing ≥60% alcohol when soap and water are not readily available, is one of several critical prevention measures recommended to reduce the spread of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).* Previous studies identified demographic factors associated with handwashing among U.S. adults during the COVID-19 pandemic (1,2); however, demographic factors associated with hand sanitizing and experiences and beliefs associated with hand hygiene have not been well characterized. To evaluate these factors, an Internet-based survey was conducted among U.S. adults aged ≥18 years during June 24-30, 2020. Overall, 85.2% of respondents reported always or often engaging in hand hygiene following contact with high-touch public surfaces such as shopping carts, gas pumps, and automatic teller machines (ATMs).† Respondents who were male (versus female) and of younger age reported lower handwashing and hand sanitizing rates, as did respondents who reported lower concern about their own infection with SARS-CoV-2§ and respondents without personal experience with COVID-19. Focused health promotion efforts to increase hand hygiene adherence should include increasing visibility and accessibility of handwashing and hand sanitizing materials in public settings, along with targeted communication to males and younger adults with focused messages that address COVID-19 risk perception.
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