Poor functional performance 1 year after ACL reconstruction increases the risk of early osteoarthritis progression
AuthorPatterson, B; Culvenor, AG; Barton, CJ; Guermazi, A; Stefanik, J; Morris, HG; Whitehead, TS; Crossley, KM
Source TitleBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
PublisherBMJ PUBLISHING GROUP
Surgery (St Vincent's)
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsPatterson, B., Culvenor, A. G., Barton, C. J., Guermazi, A., Stefanik, J., Morris, H. G., Whitehead, T. S. & Crossley, K. M. (2020). Poor functional performance 1 year after ACL reconstruction increases the risk of early osteoarthritis progression. BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 54 (9), pp.546-+. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101503.
Access StatusOpen Access
BACKGROUND: Not meeting functional performance criteria increases reinjury risk after ACL reconstruction (ACLR), but the implications for osteoarthritis are not well known. OBJECTIVE: To determine if poor functional performance post-ACLR is associated with risk of worsening early osteoarthritis features, knee symptoms, function and quality of life (QoL). METHODS: Seventy-eight participants (48 men) aged 28±15 years completed a functional performance test battery (three hop tests, one-leg-rise) 1 year post-ACLR. Poor functional performance was defined as <90% limb symmetry index (LSI) on each test. At 1 and 5 years, MRI, Knee injury Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) subjective form were completed. Primary outcomes were: (i) worsening patellofemoral and tibiofemoral MRI-osteoarthritis features (cartilage, bone marrow lesions (BMLs) and meniscus) and (ii) change in KOOS and IKDC scores, between 1 and 5 years. RESULTS: Only 14 (18%) passed (≥90% LSI on all tests) the functional test battery. Poor functional performance on the battery (all four tests <90% LSI) 1 year post-ACLR was associated with 3.66 times (95% CI 1.12 to 12.01) greater risk of worsening patellofemoral BMLs. A triple-crossover hop <90% LSI was associated with 2.09 (95% CI 1.15 to 3.81) times greater risk of worsening patellofemoral cartilage. There was generally no association between functional performance and tibiofemoral MRI-osteoarthritis features, or KOOS/IKDC scores. CONCLUSION: Only one in five participants met common functional performance criteria (≥90% LSI all four tests) 1 year post-ACLR. Poor function on all four tests was associated with a 3.66 times increased risk of worsening patellofemoral BMLs, and generally not associated with decline in self-reported outcomes.
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