Virulence and in vitro antifungal susceptibility of Candida albicans and Candida catenulata from laying hens.
AuthorRhimi, W; Aneke, CI; Annoscia, G; Camarda, A; Mosca, A; Cantacessi, C; Otranto, D; Cafarchia, C
Source TitleInternational Microbiology
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
University of Melbourne Author/sCantacessi, Cinzia
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsRhimi, W., Aneke, C. I., Annoscia, G., Camarda, A., Mosca, A., Cantacessi, C., Otranto, D. & Cafarchia, C. (2021). Virulence and in vitro antifungal susceptibility of Candida albicans and Candida catenulata from laying hens.. Int Microbiol, 24 (1), pp.57-63. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10123-020-00141-1.
Access StatusOpen Access
Open Access at PMChttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7873078
In spite of evidence that domestic and wild birds may act as carriers of human pathogenic fungi, data on the role of laying hens as reservoirs of drug resistant and virulent yeasts is lacking. Here, we assess several virulence factors (phospholipase and haemolysin activity) and the antifungal susceptibility profiles of 84 Candida albicans and 17 Candida catenulata strains isolated from cloacae (group A), faeces (group B) and eggs (group C) of laying hens. Of these strains, 95% C. albicans and 23% C. catenulata strains displayed phospholipase and haemolytic activities. For C. albicans, the highest values of phospholipase (Pz = 0.62) and haemolytic activities (Hz = 0.49) were recorded among the strains from group C whilst for C. catenulata (Pz = 0.54; Hz = 0.49) among those from group A. High minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values for azoles and amphotericin B (AmB) were recorded irrespective of their sources in all C. albicans strains. A total of 22 C. albicans strains were multidrug resistant, displaying resistance to fluconazole, itraconazole (ITZ), voriconazole (VOR) and posaconazole (POS). All C. catenulata strains from group C were resistant to ITZ, POS, micafungin and anidulafungin and susceptible to AmB. In this study, C. albicans and C. catenulata isolated from the cloacae, faeces and eggs of laying hens produced phospholipase and haemolysin and might be multidrug resistant. In the environment (faeces) or in eggs, C. albicans and C. catenulata strains might acquire pathogenic virulence traits and/or show multidrug resistance profiles. Based on these results, breeding and handling of laying hens and/or eggs may have implications for human and animal health.
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