Prolonged Outbreak of Multidrug-Resistant Shigella sonnei Harboring bla(CTX-M-27) in Victoria, Australia
AuthorIngle, DJ; Andersson, P; Valcanis, M; Barnden, J; da Silva, AG; Horan, KA; Seemann, T; Easton, M; Williamson, DA; Sherry, NL; ...
Source TitleAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
PublisherAMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY
University of Melbourne Author/sSeemann, Torsten; Valcanis, Mary; Ingle, Danielle; Williamson, Deborah; Sherry, Norelle; Andersson, Patiyan; Howden, Benjamin; Easton, Marion; Horan, Kristy
AffiliationMicrobiology and Immunology
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsIngle, D. J., Andersson, P., Valcanis, M., Barnden, J., da Silva, A. G., Horan, K. A., Seemann, T., Easton, M., Williamson, D. A., Sherry, N. L. & Howden, B. P. (2020). Prolonged Outbreak of Multidrug-Resistant Shigella sonnei Harboring bla(CTX-M-27) in Victoria, Australia. ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY, 64 (12), https://doi.org/10.1128/AAC.01518-20.
Access StatusOpen Access
Open Access at PMChttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7674062
In Australia, cases of shigellosis usually occur in returned travelers from regions of shigellosis endemicity or in men who have sex with men. Resistance to multiple antibiotics has significantly increased in Shigella sonnei isolates and represents a significant public health concern. We investigate an outbreak of multidrug-resistant S. sonnei in Victoria, Australia. We undertook whole-genome sequencing of 54 extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing S. sonnei isolates received at the Microbiological Diagnostic Unit Public Health Laboratory between January 2019 and March 2020. The population structure and antimicrobial resistance profiles were identified by genomic analyses, with 73 previously characterized Australian S. sonnei isolates providing context. Epidemiological data, including age and sex of the shigellosis cases, were also collected. There was a significant increase in cases of ESBL S. sonnei from July 2019. Most of the ESBL S. sonnei isolates (65%) fell within a single cluster that was predominantly comprised of male cases that were characterized by the presence of the bla CTX-M-27 gene conferring resistance to extended-spectrum cephalosporins. These isolates were also multidrug resistant, including resistance to azithromycin and co-trimoxazole and reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin. Our data uncovered a prolonged clonal outbreak of ESBL S. sonnei infection that was likely first introduced by returned travelers and has subsequently been circulating locally in Australia. The emergence of a local outbreak of ESBL S. sonnei with a multidrug-resistant profile, including reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin, represents a significant public health threat.
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