Gene expression of the heat stress response in bovine peripheral white blood cells and milk somatic cells in vivo
AuthorGarner, JB; Chamberlain, AJ; Vander Jagt, C; Nguyen, TTT; Mason, BA; Marett, LC; Leury, BJ; Wales, WJ; Hayes, BJ
Source TitleScientific Reports
AffiliationAgriculture and Food Systems
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsGarner, J. B., Chamberlain, A. J., Vander Jagt, C., Nguyen, T. T. T., Mason, B. A., Marett, L. C., Leury, B. J., Wales, W. J. & Hayes, B. J. (2020). Gene expression of the heat stress response in bovine peripheral white blood cells and milk somatic cells in vivo. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 10 (1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-75438-2.
Access StatusOpen Access
Open Access at PMChttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7645416
Heat stress in dairy cattle leads to reduction in feed intake and milk production as well as the induction of many physiological stress responses. The genes implicated in the response to heat stress in vivo are not well characterised. With the aim of identifying such genes, an experiment was conducted to perform differential gene expression in peripheral white blood cells and milk somatic cells in vivo in 6 Holstein Friesian cows in thermoneutral conditions and in 6 Holstein Friesian cows exposed to a short-term moderate heat challenge. RNA sequences from peripheral white blood cells and milk somatic cells were used to quantify full transcriptome gene expression. Genes commonly differentially expressed (DE) in both the peripheral white blood cells and in milk somatic cells were associated with the cellular stress response, apoptosis, oxidative stress and glucose metabolism. Genes DE in peripheral white blood cells of cows exposed to the heat challenge compared to the thermoneutral control were related to inflammation, lipid metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism and the cardiovascular system. Genes DE in milk somatic cells compared to the thermoneutral control were involved in the response to stress, thermoregulation and vasodilation. These findings provide new insights into the cellular adaptations induced during the response to short term moderate heat stress in dairy cattle and identify potential candidate genes (BDKRB1 and SNORA19) for future research.
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