Apoptotic Cell-Directed Resolution of Lung Inflammation Requires Myeloid αv Integrin-Mediated Induction of Regulatory T Lymphocytes.
AuthorZhang, A; Lacy-Hulbert, A; Anderton, S; Haslett, C; Savill, J
Source TitleAmerican Journal of Pathology
University of Melbourne Author/sSavill, John
AffiliationMedicine Dentistry & Health Sciences
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsZhang, A., Lacy-Hulbert, A., Anderton, S., Haslett, C. & Savill, J. (2020). Apoptotic Cell-Directed Resolution of Lung Inflammation Requires Myeloid αv Integrin-Mediated Induction of Regulatory T Lymphocytes.. Am J Pathol, 190 (6), pp.1224-1235. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajpath.2020.02.010.
Access StatusOpen Access
Open Access at PMChttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7254048
Intratracheal instillation of apoptotic cells enhances resolution of experimental lung inflammation by incompletely understood mechanisms. We report that this intervention induces functional regulatory T lymphocytes (Tregs) in mouse lung experimentally inflamed by intratracheal administration of lipopolysaccharide. Selective depletion demonstrated that Tregs were necessary for maximal apoptotic cell-directed enhancement of resolution, and adoptive transfer of additional Tregs was sufficient to promote resolution without administering apoptotic cells. After intratracheal instillation, labeled apoptotic cells were observed in most CD11c+CD103+ myeloid dendritic cells migrating to mediastinal draining lymph nodes and bearing migratory and immunoregulatory markers, including increased CCR7 and β8 integrin (ITGB8) expression. In mice deleted for αv integrin in the myeloid line to reduce phagocytosis of dying cells by CD103+ dendritic cells, exogenous apoptotic cells failed to induce transforming growth factor-β1 expression or Treg accumulation and failed to enhance resolution of lipopolysaccharide-induced lung inflammation. We conclude that in murine lung, myeloid phagocytes encountering apoptotic cells can deploy αv integrin-mediated mechanisms to induce Tregs and enhance resolution of acute inflammation.
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