Pembrolizumab given concomitantly with chemoradiation and as maintenance therapy for locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: KEYNOTE-412
AuthorMachiels, J-P; Tao, Y; Burtness, B; Tahara, M; Licitra, L; Rischin, D; Waldron, J; Simon, C; Gregoire, V; Harrington, K; ...
Source TitleFuture Oncology
PublisherFUTURE MEDICINE LTD
University of Melbourne Author/sRischin, Danny
AffiliationMedicine and Radiology
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsMachiels, J. -P., Tao, Y., Burtness, B., Tahara, M., Licitra, L., Rischin, D., Waldron, J., Simon, C., Gregoire, V., Harrington, K., Alves, G. V., Lima, I. P. F., Pointreau, Y., Hughes, B. G. M., Aksoy, S., Hetnal, M., Ge, J. Y., Brown, H., Cheng, J. ,... Siu, L. L. (2020). Pembrolizumab given concomitantly with chemoradiation and as maintenance therapy for locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: KEYNOTE-412. FUTURE ONCOLOGY, 16 (18), pp.1235-1243. https://doi.org/10.2217/fon-2020-0184.
Access StatusOpen Access
Current treatment guidelines for patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) recommend multimodal treatment, including chemoradiation therapy (CRT) or surgery followed by radiation, with or without chemotherapy. The immune checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab has previously demonstrated antitumor activity in recurrent and/or metastatic HNSCC in large Phase III trials. For patients with locally advanced disease, Phase Ib data on the use of pembrolizumab in combination with chemoradiation have shown the approach to be safe and feasible. We describe here the design and rationale for KEYNOTE-412, a randomized, double-blind, Phase III trial investigating pembrolizumab or placebo administered concurrently with CRT and as maintenance treatment in patients with locally advanced HNSCC.
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