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dc.contributor.authorDeshpande, A
dc.contributor.authorMiller-Petrie, MK
dc.contributor.authorLindstedt, PA
dc.contributor.authorBaumann, MM
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, KB
dc.contributor.authorBlacker, BF
dc.contributor.authorAbbastabar, H
dc.contributor.authorAbd-Allah, F
dc.contributor.authorAbdelalim, A
dc.contributor.authorAbdollahpour, I
dc.contributor.authorAbegaz, KH
dc.contributor.authorAbejie, AN
dc.contributor.authorAbreu, LG
dc.contributor.authorAbrigo, MRM
dc.contributor.authorAbualhasan, A
dc.contributor.authorAccrombessi, MMK
dc.contributor.authorAdamu, AA
dc.contributor.authorAdebayo, OM
dc.contributor.authorAdedeji, IA
dc.contributor.authorAdedoyin, RA
dc.contributor.authorAdekanmbi, V
dc.contributor.authorAdetokunboh, OO
dc.contributor.authorAdhikari, TB
dc.contributor.authorAfarideh, M
dc.contributor.authorAgudelo-Botero, M
dc.contributor.authorAhmadi, M
dc.contributor.authorAhmadi, K
dc.contributor.authorAhmed, MB
dc.contributor.authorAhmed, AE
dc.contributor.authorAkalu, TY
dc.contributor.authorAkanda, AS
dc.contributor.authorAlahdab, F
dc.contributor.authorAl-Aly, Z
dc.contributor.authorAlam, S
dc.contributor.authorAlam, N
dc.contributor.authorAlamene, GM
dc.contributor.authorAlanzi, TM
dc.contributor.authorAlbright, J
dc.contributor.authorAlbujeer, A
dc.contributor.authorAlcalde-Rabanal, JE
dc.contributor.authorAlebel, A
dc.contributor.authorAlemu, ZA
dc.contributor.authorAli, M
dc.contributor.authorAlijanzadeh, M
dc.contributor.authorAlipour, V
dc.contributor.authorAljunid, SM
dc.contributor.authorAlmasi, A
dc.contributor.authorAlmasi-Hashiani, A
dc.contributor.authorAl-Mekhlafi, HM
dc.contributor.authorAltirkawi, KA
dc.contributor.authorAlvis-Guzman, N
dc.contributor.authorAlvis-Zakzuk, NJ
dc.contributor.authorAmini, S
dc.contributor.authorAmit, AML
dc.contributor.authorAmul, GGH
dc.contributor.authorAndrei, CL
dc.contributor.authorAnjomshoa, M
dc.contributor.authorAnsariadi, A
dc.contributor.authorAntonio, CAT
dc.contributor.authorAntony, B
dc.contributor.authorAntriyandarti, E
dc.contributor.authorArabloo, J
dc.contributor.authorAref, HMA
dc.contributor.authorAremu, O
dc.contributor.authorArmoon, B
dc.contributor.authorArora, A
dc.contributor.authorAryal, KK
dc.contributor.authorArzani, A
dc.contributor.authorAsadi-Aliabadi, M
dc.contributor.authorAsmelash, D
dc.contributor.authorAtalay, HT
dc.contributor.authorAthari, SM
dc.contributor.authorAthari, SS
dc.contributor.authorAtre, SR
dc.contributor.authorAusloos, M
dc.contributor.authorAwasthi, S
dc.contributor.authorAwoke, N
dc.contributor.authorQuintanilla, BPA
dc.contributor.authorAyano, G
dc.contributor.authorAyanore, MA
dc.contributor.authorAynalem, YA
dc.contributor.authorAzari, S
dc.contributor.authorAzman, AS
dc.contributor.authorBabaee, E
dc.contributor.authorBadawi, A
dc.contributor.authorBagherzadeh, M
dc.contributor.authorBakkannavar, SM
dc.contributor.authorBalakrishnan, S
dc.contributor.authorBanach, M
dc.contributor.authorBanoub, JAM
dc.contributor.authorBarac, A
dc.contributor.authorBarboza, MA
dc.contributor.authorBarnighausen, TW
dc.contributor.authorBasu, S
dc.contributor.authorVo, DB
dc.contributor.authorBayati, M
dc.contributor.authorBedi, N
dc.contributor.authorBeheshti, M
dc.contributor.authorBehzadifar, M
dc.contributor.authorBehzadifar, M
dc.contributor.authorRamirez, DFB
dc.contributor.authorBell, ML
dc.contributor.authorBennett, DA
dc.contributor.authorBenzian, H
dc.contributor.authorBerbada, DA
dc.contributor.authorBernstein, RS
dc.contributor.authorBhat, AG
dc.contributor.authorBhattacharyya, K
dc.contributor.authorBhaumik, S
dc.contributor.authorBhutta, ZA
dc.contributor.authorBijani, A
dc.contributor.authorBikbov, B
dc.contributor.authorBin Sayeed, MS
dc.contributor.authorBiswas, RK
dc.contributor.authorBohlouli, S
dc.contributor.authorBoufous, S
dc.contributor.authorBrady, OJ
dc.contributor.authorBriko, AN
dc.contributor.authorBriko, NI
dc.contributor.authorBritton, GB
dc.contributor.authorBrown, A
dc.contributor.authorNagaraja, SB
dc.contributor.authorButt, ZA
dc.contributor.authorCamera, LA
dc.contributor.authorCampos-Nonato, IR
dc.contributor.authorRincon, JCC
dc.contributor.authorCano, J
dc.contributor.authorCar, J
dc.contributor.authorCardenas, R
dc.contributor.authorCarvalho, F
dc.contributor.authorCastaneda-Orjuela, CA
dc.contributor.authorCastro, F
dc.contributor.authorCerin, E
dc.contributor.authorChalise, B
dc.contributor.authorChattu, VK
dc.contributor.authorChin, KL
dc.contributor.authorChristopher, DJ
dc.contributor.authorChu, D-T
dc.contributor.authorCormier, NM
dc.contributor.authorCosta, VM
dc.contributor.authorCromwell, EA
dc.contributor.authorDadi, AFF
dc.contributor.authorDahiru, T
dc.contributor.authorDahlawi, SMA
dc.contributor.authorDandona, R
dc.contributor.authorDandona, L
dc.contributor.authorDang, AK
dc.contributor.authorDaoud, F
dc.contributor.authorDarwesh, AM
dc.contributor.authorDarwish, AH
dc.contributor.authorDaryani, A
dc.contributor.authorDas, JK
dc.contributor.authorDas Gupta, R
dc.contributor.authorDash, AP
dc.contributor.authorDavila-Cervantes, CA
dc.contributor.authorWeaver, ND
dc.contributor.authorDe la Hoz, FP
dc.contributor.authorDe Neve, J-W
dc.contributor.authorDemissie, DB
dc.contributor.authorDemoz, GT
dc.contributor.authorDenova-Gutierrez, E
dc.contributor.authorDeribe, K
dc.contributor.authorDesalew, A
dc.contributor.authorDharmaratne, SD
dc.contributor.authorDhillon, P
dc.contributor.authorDhimal, M
dc.contributor.authorDhungana, GP
dc.contributor.authorDiaz, D
dc.contributor.authorDipeolu, IO
dc.contributor.authorHoa, T
dc.contributor.authorDolecek, C
dc.contributor.authorDoyle, KE
dc.contributor.authorDubljanin, E
dc.contributor.authorDuraes, AR
dc.contributor.authorEdinur, HA
dc.contributor.authorEffiong, A
dc.contributor.authorEftekhari, A
dc.contributor.authorEl Nahas, N
dc.contributor.authorZaki, MES
dc.contributor.authorEl Tantawi, M
dc.contributor.authorElhabashy, HR
dc.contributor.authorEl-Jaafary, S
dc.contributor.authorEl-Khatib, Z
dc.contributor.authorElkout, H
dc.contributor.authorElsharkawy, A
dc.contributor.authorEnany, S
dc.contributor.authorEndalew, DA
dc.contributor.authorEshrati, B
dc.contributor.authorEskandarieh, S
dc.contributor.authorEtemadi, A
dc.contributor.authorEzekannagha, O
dc.contributor.authorFaraon, EJA
dc.contributor.authorFareed, M
dc.contributor.authorFaro, A
dc.contributor.authorFarzadfar, F
dc.contributor.authorFasil, AF
dc.contributor.authorFazlzadeh, M
dc.contributor.authorFeigin, VL
dc.contributor.authorFekadu, W
dc.contributor.authorFentahun, N
dc.contributor.authorFereshtehnejad, S-M
dc.contributor.authorFernandes, E
dc.contributor.authorFilip, I
dc.contributor.authorFischer, F
dc.contributor.authorFlohr, C
dc.contributor.authorFoigt, NA
dc.contributor.authorFolayan, MO
dc.contributor.authorForoutan, M
dc.contributor.authorFranklin, RC
dc.contributor.authorFrostad, JJ
dc.contributor.authorFukumoto, T
dc.contributor.authorGad, MM
dc.contributor.authorGarcia, GM
dc.contributor.authorGatotoh, AM
dc.contributor.authorGayesa, RT
dc.contributor.authorGebremedhin, KB
dc.contributor.authorGeramo, YCD
dc.contributor.authorGesesew, HA
dc.contributor.authorGezae, KE
dc.contributor.authorGhashghaee, A
dc.contributor.authorSherbaf, FG
dc.contributor.authorGill, TK
dc.contributor.authorGill, PS
dc.contributor.authorGinindza, TG
dc.contributor.authorGirmay, A
dc.contributor.authorGizaw, Z
dc.contributor.authorGoodridge, A
dc.contributor.authorGopalani, SV
dc.contributor.authorGoulart, BNG
dc.contributor.authorGoulart, AC
dc.contributor.authorGrada, A
dc.contributor.authorGreen, MS
dc.contributor.authorGubari, MIM
dc.contributor.authorGugnani, HC
dc.contributor.authorGuido, D
dc.contributor.authorGuimaraes, RA
dc.contributor.authorGuo, Y
dc.contributor.authorGupta, R
dc.contributor.authorGupta, R
dc.contributor.authorHa, GH
dc.contributor.authorHaagsma, JA
dc.contributor.authorHafezi-Nejad, N
dc.contributor.authorHaile, DH
dc.contributor.authorHaile, MT
dc.contributor.authorHall, BJ
dc.contributor.authorHamidi, S
dc.contributor.authorHandiso, DW
dc.contributor.authorHaririan, H
dc.contributor.authorHariyani, N
dc.contributor.authorHasaballah, A
dc.contributor.authorHasan, M
dc.contributor.authorHasanzadeh, A
dc.contributor.authorHassen, HY
dc.contributor.authorHayelom, DH
dc.contributor.authorHegazy, M
dc.contributor.authorHeibati, B
dc.contributor.authorHeidari, B
dc.contributor.authorHendrie, D
dc.contributor.authorHenok, A
dc.contributor.authorHerteliu, C
dc.contributor.authorHeydarpour, F
dc.contributor.authorde Hidru, HD
dc.contributor.authorHird, TR
dc.contributor.authorChi, LH
dc.contributor.authorHollerich, G
dc.contributor.authorHoogar, P
dc.contributor.authorHossain, N
dc.contributor.authorHosseinzadeh, M
dc.contributor.authorHouseh, M
dc.contributor.authorHu, G
dc.contributor.authorHumayun, A
dc.contributor.authorHussain, SA
dc.contributor.authorHussen, MAA
dc.contributor.authorIbitoye, SE
dc.contributor.authorIlesanmi, OS
dc.contributor.authorIlic, MD
dc.contributor.authorImani-Nasab, MH
dc.contributor.authorIqbal, U
dc.contributor.authorIrvani, SSN
dc.contributor.authorIslam, SMS
dc.contributor.authorIvers, RQ
dc.contributor.authorIwu, CJ
dc.contributor.authorJahanmehr, N
dc.contributor.authorJakovljevic, M
dc.contributor.authorJalali, A
dc.contributor.authorJayatilleke, AU
dc.contributor.authorJenabi, E
dc.contributor.authorJha, RP
dc.contributor.authorJha, V
dc.contributor.authorJi, JS
dc.contributor.authorJonas, JB
dc.contributor.authorJozwiak, JJ
dc.contributor.authorKabir, A
dc.contributor.authorKabir, Z
dc.contributor.authorKanchan, T
dc.contributor.authorKarch, A
dc.contributor.authorKarki, S
dc.contributor.authorKasaeian, A
dc.contributor.authorKasahun, GG
dc.contributor.authorKasaye, HK
dc.contributor.authorKassa, GG
dc.contributor.authorKassa, GM
dc.contributor.authorKayode, GA
dc.contributor.authorKebede, MM
dc.contributor.authorKeiyoro, PN
dc.contributor.authorKetema, DB
dc.contributor.authorKhader, YS
dc.contributor.authorKhafaie, MA
dc.contributor.authorKhalid, N
dc.contributor.authorKhalilov, R
dc.contributor.authorKhan, EA
dc.contributor.authorKhan, J
dc.contributor.authorKhan, N
dc.contributor.authorKhatab, K
dc.contributor.authorKhater, MM
dc.contributor.authorKhater, AM
dc.contributor.authorKhayamzadeh, M
dc.contributor.authorKhazaei, M
dc.contributor.authorKhosravi, MH
dc.contributor.authorKhubchandani, J
dc.contributor.authorKiadaliri, A
dc.contributor.authorKim, YJ
dc.contributor.authorKimokoti, RW
dc.contributor.authorKisa, S
dc.contributor.authorKisa, A
dc.contributor.authorKochhar, S
dc.contributor.authorKolola, T
dc.contributor.authorKomaki, H
dc.contributor.authorKosen, S
dc.contributor.authorKoul, PA
dc.contributor.authorKoyanagi, A
dc.contributor.authorKrishan, K
dc.contributor.authorDefo, BK
dc.contributor.authorKugbey, N
dc.contributor.authorKumar, P
dc.contributor.authorKumar, GA
dc.contributor.authorKumar, M
dc.contributor.authorKusuma, D
dc.contributor.authorLa Vecchia, C
dc.contributor.authorLacey, B
dc.contributor.authorLal, A
dc.contributor.authorLal, DK
dc.contributor.authorLam, H
dc.contributor.authorLami, FH
dc.contributor.authorLansingh, VC
dc.contributor.authorLasrado, S
dc.contributor.authorLebedev, G
dc.contributor.authorLee, PH
dc.contributor.authorLeGrand, KE
dc.contributor.authorLeili, M
dc.contributor.authorLenjebo, TL
dc.contributor.authorLeshargie, CT
dc.contributor.authorLevine, AJ
dc.contributor.authorLewycka, S
dc.contributor.authorLi, S
dc.contributor.authorLinn, S
dc.contributor.authorLiu, S
dc.contributor.authorLopez, JCF
dc.contributor.authorLopukhov, PD
dc.contributor.authorAbd El Razek, MM
dc.contributor.authorPrasad, DRM
dc.contributor.authorMahasha, PW
dc.contributor.authorMahotra, NB
dc.contributor.authorMajeed, A
dc.contributor.authorMalekzadeh, R
dc.contributor.authorMalta, DC
dc.contributor.authorMamun, AA
dc.contributor.authorManafi, N
dc.contributor.authorMansournia, MA
dc.contributor.authorMapoma, CC
dc.contributor.authorMartinez, G
dc.contributor.authorMartini, S
dc.contributor.authorMartins-Melo, FR
dc.contributor.authorMathur, MR
dc.contributor.authorMayala, BK
dc.contributor.authorMazidi, M
dc.contributor.authorMcAlinden, C
dc.contributor.authorMeharie, BG
dc.contributor.authorMehndiratta, MM
dc.contributor.authorNasab, EM
dc.contributor.authorMehta, KM
dc.contributor.authorMekonnen, T
dc.contributor.authorMekonnen, TC
dc.contributor.authorMeles, GG
dc.contributor.authorMeles, HG
dc.contributor.authorMemiah, PTN
dc.contributor.authorMemish, ZA
dc.contributor.authorMendoza, W
dc.contributor.authorMenezes, RG
dc.contributor.authorMereta, ST
dc.contributor.authorMeretoja, TJ
dc.contributor.authorMestrovic, T
dc.contributor.authorMetekiya, WM
dc.contributor.authorMiazgowski, B
dc.contributor.authorMiller, TR
dc.contributor.authorMini, GK
dc.contributor.authorMirrakhimov, EM
dc.contributor.authorMoazen, B
dc.contributor.authorMohajer, B
dc.contributor.authorMohammad, Y
dc.contributor.authorMohammad, DK
dc.contributor.authorMezerji, NMG
dc.contributor.authorMohammadibakhsh, R
dc.contributor.authorMohammed, S
dc.contributor.authorMohammed, JA
dc.contributor.authorMohammed, H
dc.contributor.authorMohebi, F
dc.contributor.authorMokdad, AH
dc.contributor.authorMoodley, Y
dc.contributor.authorMoradi, M
dc.contributor.authorMoradi, G
dc.contributor.authorMoradi-Joo, M
dc.contributor.authorMoraga, P
dc.contributor.authorMorales, L
dc.contributor.authorMosapour, A
dc.contributor.authorMosser, JF
dc.contributor.authorMouodi, S
dc.contributor.authorMousavi, SM
dc.contributor.authorMozaffor, M
dc.contributor.authorMunro, SB
dc.contributor.authorMuriithi, MK
dc.contributor.authorMurray, CJL
dc.contributor.authorMusa, KI
dc.contributor.authorMustafa, G
dc.contributor.authorMuthupandian, S
dc.contributor.authorNaderi, M
dc.contributor.authorNagarajan, AJ
dc.contributor.authorNaghavi, M
dc.contributor.authorNaik, G
dc.contributor.authorNangia, V
dc.contributor.authorNascimento, BR
dc.contributor.authorNazari, J
dc.contributor.authorNdwandwe, DE
dc.contributor.authorNegoi, I
dc.contributor.authorNetsere, HB
dc.contributor.authorNgunjiri, JW
dc.contributor.authorCuong, TN
dc.contributor.authorHuong, LTN
dc.contributor.authorNguyen, QP
dc.contributor.authorNigatu, SG
dc.contributor.authorNingrum, DNA
dc.contributor.authorNnaji, CA
dc.contributor.authorNojomi, M
dc.contributor.authorNorheim, OF
dc.contributor.authorNoubiap, JJ
dc.contributor.authorOancea, B
dc.contributor.authorOgbo, FA
dc.contributor.authorOh, I-H
dc.contributor.authorOlagunju, AT
dc.contributor.authorOlusanya, JO
dc.contributor.authorOlusanya, BO
dc.contributor.authorOnwujekwe, OE
dc.contributor.authorOrtega-Altamirano, D
dc.contributor.authorOsarenotor, O
dc.contributor.authorOsei, FB
dc.contributor.authorOwolabi, MO
dc.contributor.authorMahesh, PA
dc.contributor.authorPadubidri, JR
dc.contributor.authorPakhale, S
dc.contributor.authorPana, A
dc.contributor.authorPark, E-K
dc.contributor.authorPatel, SK
dc.contributor.authorPathak, A
dc.contributor.authorPatle, A
dc.contributor.authorPaulos, K
dc.contributor.authorPepito, VCF
dc.contributor.authorPerico, N
dc.contributor.authorPervaiz, A
dc.contributor.authorPescarini, JM
dc.contributor.authorPesudovs, K
dc.contributor.authorPham, HQ
dc.contributor.authorPigott, DM
dc.contributor.authorPilgrim, T
dc.contributor.authorPirsaheb, M
dc.contributor.authorPoljak, M
dc.contributor.authorPollock, I
dc.contributor.authorPostma, MJ
dc.contributor.authorPourmalek, F
dc.contributor.authorPourshams, A
dc.contributor.authorPrada, S
dc.contributor.authorPreotescu, L
dc.contributor.authorQuintana, H
dc.contributor.authorRabiee, N
dc.contributor.authorRabiee, M
dc.contributor.authorRadfar, A
dc.contributor.authorRafiei, A
dc.contributor.authorRahim, F
dc.contributor.authorRahimi, S
dc.contributor.authorRahimi-Movaghar, V
dc.contributor.authorRahman, MA
dc.contributor.authorRahman, MHU
dc.contributor.authorRajati, F
dc.contributor.authorRanabhat, CL
dc.contributor.authorRao, PC
dc.contributor.authorRasella, D
dc.contributor.authorRath, GK
dc.contributor.authorRawaf, S
dc.contributor.authorRawal, L
dc.contributor.authorRawasia, WF
dc.contributor.authorRemuzzi, G
dc.contributor.authorRenjith, V
dc.contributor.authorRenzaho, AMN
dc.contributor.authorResnikoff, S
dc.contributor.authorRiahi, SM
dc.contributor.authorRibeiro, AI
dc.contributor.authorRickard, J
dc.contributor.authorRoever, L
dc.contributor.authorRonfani, L
dc.contributor.authorRubagotti, E
dc.contributor.authorRubino, S
dc.contributor.authorSaad, AM
dc.contributor.authorSabour, S
dc.contributor.authorSadeghi, E
dc.contributor.authorMoghaddam, SS
dc.contributor.authorSafari, Y
dc.contributor.authorSagar, R
dc.contributor.authorSahraian, MA
dc.contributor.authorSajadi, SM
dc.contributor.authorSalahshoor, MR
dc.contributor.authorSalam, N
dc.contributor.authorSaleem, A
dc.contributor.authorSalem, H
dc.contributor.authorSalem, MR
dc.contributor.authorSalimi, Y
dc.contributor.authorSalimzadeh, H
dc.contributor.authorSamy, AM
dc.contributor.authorSanabria, J
dc.contributor.authorSantos, IS
dc.contributor.authorSantric-Milicevic, MM
dc.contributor.authorSao Jose, BP
dc.contributor.authorSaraswathy, SYI
dc.contributor.authorSarrafzadegan, N
dc.contributor.authorSartorius, B
dc.contributor.authorSathian, B
dc.contributor.authorSathish, T
dc.contributor.authorSatpathy, M
dc.contributor.authorSawhney, M
dc.contributor.authorSayyah, M
dc.contributor.authorSbarra, AN
dc.contributor.authorSchaeffer, LE
dc.contributor.authorSchwebel, DC
dc.contributor.authorSenbeta, AM
dc.contributor.authorSenthilkumaran, S
dc.contributor.authorSepanlou, SG
dc.contributor.authorServan-Mori, E
dc.contributor.authorShafieesabet, A
dc.contributor.authorShaheen, AA
dc.contributor.authorShahid, I
dc.contributor.authorShaikh, MA
dc.contributor.authorShalash, AS
dc.contributor.authorShams-Beyranvand, M
dc.contributor.authorShamsi, M
dc.contributor.authorShamsizadeh, M
dc.contributor.authorShannawaz, M
dc.contributor.authorSharafi, K
dc.contributor.authorSharma, R
dc.contributor.authorSheikh, A
dc.contributor.authorShetty, BSK
dc.contributor.authorShiferaw, WS
dc.contributor.authorShigematsu, M
dc.contributor.authorShin, JI
dc.contributor.authorShiri, R
dc.contributor.authorShirkoohi, R
dc.contributor.authorShivakumar, KM
dc.contributor.authorSi, S
dc.contributor.authorSiabani, S
dc.contributor.authorSiddiqi, TJ
dc.contributor.authorSilva, DAS
dc.contributor.authorSingh, V
dc.contributor.authorSingh, NP
dc.contributor.authorSingh, BBS
dc.contributor.authorSingh, JA
dc.contributor.authorSingh, A
dc.contributor.authorSinha, DN
dc.contributor.authorSisay, MM
dc.contributor.authorSkiadaresi, E
dc.contributor.authorSmith, DL
dc.contributor.authorFilho, AMS
dc.contributor.authorSobhiyeh, MR
dc.contributor.authorSokhan, A
dc.contributor.authorSoriano, JB
dc.contributor.authorSorrie, MB
dc.contributor.authorSoyiri, IN
dc.contributor.authorSpurlock, EE
dc.contributor.authorSreeramareddy, CT
dc.contributor.authorSudaryanto, A
dc.contributor.authorSufiyan, MB
dc.contributor.authorSuleria, HAR
dc.contributor.authorSykes, BL
dc.contributor.authorTabares-Seisdedos, R
dc.contributor.authorTabuchi, T
dc.contributor.authorTadesse, DB
dc.contributor.authorTarigan, IU
dc.contributor.authorTaye, B
dc.contributor.authorTefera, YM
dc.contributor.authorTehrani-Banihashemi, A
dc.contributor.authorTekelemedhin, SW
dc.contributor.authorTekle, MG
dc.contributor.authorTemsah, M-H
dc.contributor.authorTesfay, BE
dc.contributor.authorTesfay, FH
dc.contributor.authorTessema, ZT
dc.contributor.authorThankappan, KR
dc.contributor.authorThekkePurakkal, AS
dc.contributor.authorThomas, N
dc.contributor.authorThompson, RL
dc.contributor.authorThomson, AJ
dc.contributor.authorTopor-Madry, R
dc.contributor.authorTovani-Palone, MR
dc.contributor.authorTraini, E
dc.contributor.authorBach, XT
dc.contributor.authorKhanh, BT
dc.contributor.authorUllah, I
dc.contributor.authorUnnikrishnan, B
dc.contributor.authorUsman, MS
dc.contributor.authorUthman, OA
dc.contributor.authorUzochukwu, BSC
dc.contributor.authorValdez, PR
dc.contributor.authorVarughese, S
dc.contributor.authorVeisani, Y
dc.contributor.authorViolante, FS
dc.contributor.authorVollmer, S
dc.contributor.authorWhawariat, FG
dc.contributor.authorWaheed, Y
dc.contributor.authorWallin, MT
dc.contributor.authorWang, Y-P
dc.contributor.authorWang, Y
dc.contributor.authorWangdi, K
dc.contributor.authorWeiss, DJ
dc.contributor.authorWeldesamuel, GT
dc.contributor.authorWerkneh, AA
dc.contributor.authorWesterman, R
dc.contributor.authorWiangkham, T
dc.contributor.authorWiens, KE
dc.contributor.authorWijeratne, T
dc.contributor.authorWiysonge, CS
dc.contributor.authorWolde, HF
dc.contributor.authorWondafrash, DZ
dc.contributor.authorWonde, TE
dc.contributor.authorWorku, GT
dc.contributor.authorYadollahpour, A
dc.contributor.authorJabbari, SHY
dc.contributor.authorYamada, T
dc.contributor.authorYaseri, M
dc.contributor.authorYatsuya, H
dc.contributor.authorYeshaneh, A
dc.contributor.authorYilma, MT
dc.contributor.authorYip, P
dc.contributor.authorYisma, E
dc.contributor.authorYonemoto, N
dc.contributor.authorYounis, MZ
dc.contributor.authorYousof, H-ASA
dc.contributor.authorYu, C
dc.contributor.authorYusefzadeh, H
dc.contributor.authorZadey, S
dc.contributor.authorMoghadam, TZ
dc.contributor.authorZaidi, Z
dc.contributor.authorBin Zaman, S
dc.contributor.authorZamani, M
dc.contributor.authorZandian, H
dc.contributor.authorZar, HJ
dc.contributor.authorZerfu, TA
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Y
dc.contributor.authorZiapour, A
dc.contributor.authorZodpey, S
dc.contributor.authorZuniga, YMH
dc.contributor.authorHay, S
dc.contributor.authorReiner, RC
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-27T00:38:59Z
dc.date.available2020-11-27T00:38:59Z
dc.date.issued2020-09-01
dc.identifierpii: S2214-109X(20)30278-3
dc.identifier.citationDeshpande, A., Miller-Petrie, M. K., Lindstedt, P. A., Baumann, M. M., Johnson, K. B., Blacker, B. F., Abbastabar, H., Abd-Allah, F., Abdelalim, A., Abdollahpour, I., Abegaz, K. H., Abejie, A. N., Abreu, L. G., Abrigo, M. R. M., Abualhasan, A., Accrombessi, M. M. K., Adamu, A. A., Adebayo, O. M., Adedeji, I. A. ,... Reiner, R. C. (2020). Mapping geographical inequalities in access to drinking water and sanitation facilities in low-income and middle-income countries, 2000-17. LANCET GLOBAL HEALTH, 8 (9), pp.E1162-E1185. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30278-3.
dc.identifier.issn2214-109X
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/252538
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Universal access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities is an essential human right, recognised in the Sustainable Development Goals as crucial for preventing disease and improving human wellbeing. Comprehensive, high-resolution estimates are important to inform progress towards achieving this goal. We aimed to produce high-resolution geospatial estimates of access to drinking water and sanitation facilities. METHODS: We used a Bayesian geostatistical model and data from 600 sources across more than 88 low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) to estimate access to drinking water and sanitation facilities on continuous continent-wide surfaces from 2000 to 2017, and aggregated results to policy-relevant administrative units. We estimated mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive subcategories of facilities for drinking water (piped water on or off premises, other improved facilities, unimproved, and surface water) and sanitation facilities (septic or sewer sanitation, other improved, unimproved, and open defecation) with use of ordinal regression. We also estimated the number of diarrhoeal deaths in children younger than 5 years attributed to unsafe facilities and estimated deaths that were averted by increased access to safe facilities in 2017, and analysed geographical inequality in access within LMICs. FINDINGS: Across LMICs, access to both piped water and improved water overall increased between 2000 and 2017, with progress varying spatially. For piped water, the safest water facility type, access increased from 40·0% (95% uncertainty interval [UI] 39·4-40·7) to 50·3% (50·0-50·5), but was lowest in sub-Saharan Africa, where access to piped water was mostly concentrated in urban centres. Access to both sewer or septic sanitation and improved sanitation overall also increased across all LMICs during the study period. For sewer or septic sanitation, access was 46·3% (95% UI 46·1-46·5) in 2017, compared with 28·7% (28·5-29·0) in 2000. Although some units improved access to the safest drinking water or sanitation facilities since 2000, a large absolute number of people continued to not have access in several units with high access to such facilities (>80%) in 2017. More than 253 000 people did not have access to sewer or septic sanitation facilities in the city of Harare, Zimbabwe, despite 88·6% (95% UI 87·2-89·7) access overall. Many units were able to transition from the least safe facilities in 2000 to safe facilities by 2017; for units in which populations primarily practised open defecation in 2000, 686 (95% UI 664-711) of the 1830 (1797-1863) units transitioned to the use of improved sanitation. Geographical disparities in access to improved water across units decreased in 76·1% (95% UI 71·6-80·7) of countries from 2000 to 2017, and in 53·9% (50·6-59·6) of countries for access to improved sanitation, but remained evident subnationally in most countries in 2017. INTERPRETATION: Our estimates, combined with geospatial trends in diarrhoeal burden, identify where efforts to increase access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities are most needed. By highlighting areas with successful approaches or in need of targeted interventions, our estimates can enable precision public health to effectively progress towards universal access to safe water and sanitation. FUNDING: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherELSEVIER SCI LTD
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
dc.titleMapping geographical inequalities in access to drinking water and sanitation facilities in low-income and middle-income countries, 2000-17
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30278-3
melbourne.affiliation.departmentMelbourne School of Population and Global Health
melbourne.source.titleThe Lancet Global Health
melbourne.source.volume8
melbourne.source.issue9
melbourne.source.pagesE1162-E1185
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1463168
melbourne.contributor.authorThirunavukkarasu, Sathish
dc.identifier.eissn2214-109X
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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