The effect of 17 beta-estradiol on maternal immune activation-induced changes in prepulse inhibition and dopamine receptor and transporter binding in female rats
AuthorSbisa, A; Kusljic, S; Zethoven, D; van den Buuse, M; Gogos, A
Source TitleSchizophrenia Research
University of Melbourne Author/sKusljic, Snezana; Gogos, Androniki; Sbisa, Alyssa; Sbisa, Alyssa Morgan
Florey Department of Neuroscience and Mental Health
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsSbisa, A., Kusljic, S., Zethoven, D., van den Buuse, M. & Gogos, A. (2020). The effect of 17 beta-estradiol on maternal immune activation-induced changes in prepulse inhibition and dopamine receptor and transporter binding in female rats. SCHIZOPHRENIA RESEARCH, 223, pp.249-257. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2020.08.015.
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Maternal immune activation (MIA) during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of development of schizophrenia in later life. 17β-estradiol treatment may improve schizophrenia symptoms, but little is known about its efficacy on MIA-induced psychosis-like behavioural deficits in animals. Therefore, in this study we used the poly(I:C) neurodevelopmental model of schizophrenia to examine whether MIA-induced psychosis-like behavioural and neurochemical changes can be attenuated by chronic treatment (2-6 weeks) with 17β-estradiol. Pregnant rats were treated with saline or the viral mimetic, poly(I:C), on gestational day 15 and adult female offspring were tested for changes in prepulse inhibition (PPI) and density of dopamine D1 and D2 receptors and dopamine transporters in the forebrain compared to control offspring. Poly(I:C)-treated offspring exhibited significantly disrupted PPI, an effect which was reversed by chronic treatment with 17β-estradiol. In control offspring, but not poly(I:C) offspring, PPI was significantly reduced by acute treatment with either the dopamine D1/D2 receptor agonist, apomorphine, or dopamine releaser, methamphetamine. 17β-estradiol restored the effect of apomorphine, but not methamphetamine, on PPI in poly(I:C) offspring. There was a strong trend for a dopamine D2 receptor binding density increase in the nucleus accumbens core region in poly(I:C) offspring, and this was reversed by chronic 17β-estradiol treatment. No changes were found in the nucleus accumbens shell, caudate putamen or frontal cortex or in the density of dopamine D1 receptors or transporters. These findings suggest that 17β-estradiol may improve some symptoms of schizophrenia, an effect that may be mediated by selective changes in dopamine D2 receptor density.
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