Physical comorbidities in private psychiatric inpatients: Prevalence and its association with quality of life and functional impairment
AuthorNadjidai, SE; Kusljic, S; Dowling, NL; Magennis, J; Stokes, L; Ng, CH; Daniel, C
Source TitleInternational Journal of Mental Health Nursing
University of Melbourne Author/sDaniel, Catherine; Kusljic, Snezana; Ng, Chee; Dowling, Nathan; Stokes, Lisa; Nadjidai, Sarah
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsNadjidai, S. E., Kusljic, S., Dowling, N. L., Magennis, J., Stokes, L., Ng, C. H. & Daniel, C. (2020). Physical comorbidities in private psychiatric inpatients: Prevalence and its association with quality of life and functional impairment. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MENTAL HEALTH NURSING, 29 (6), pp.1253-1261. https://doi.org/10.1111/inm.12764.
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The aim of this study was to examine the association between physical health conditions and quality of life and functioning in private psychiatric inpatients. We sought to determine whether quality of life and functioning was poorer in individuals with physical comorbidity compared to those without. A quantitative correlational descriptive design was utilized. Seventy patients were included in sequential order within a week of admission to hospital. Participants completed the SF-36 survey, and the corresponding hospital records were audited. The STROBE guidelines were followed in the reporting of this research. The study found that 64.3% (45/70) of participants had one or more comorbid physical health conditions, primarily cardiovascular, respiratory, musculoskeletal, endocrine and medically unexplained conditions or syndromes. Chronic pain was experienced by 40% (28/70) of participants, and 47.6% (33/70) were found to be overweight or obese. Tobacco smoking and obesity were risk factors associated with physical comorbidity (P = 0.02 and P < 0.001, respectively). Quality of life and functioning were poorer in those with physical health conditions, particularly in the SF-36 domains of bodily pain, physical functioning and general health (P < 0.001, P = 0.003 and P = 0.005, respectively). Physical health conditions were largely prevalent, and quality of life and functioning were poorer in those with physical comorbidities. The implementation of clinical guidelines for the monitoring of physical health has been proposed as well as a dedicated physical health nursing role. Continuation of integrative programmes focusing on both physical and mental health may also benefit patients in this setting.
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