Working lives of GPs in Scotland and England: cross-sectional analysis of national surveys
AuthorHayes, H; Gibson, J; Fitzpatrick, B; Checkland, K; Guthrie, B; Sutton, M; Gillies, J; Mercer, SW
Source TitleBMJ Open
University of Melbourne Author/sSutton, Matthew
AffiliationMelbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsHayes, H., Gibson, J., Fitzpatrick, B., Checkland, K., Guthrie, B., Sutton, M., Gillies, J. & Mercer, S. W. (2020). Working lives of GPs in Scotland and England: cross-sectional analysis of national surveys. BMJ Open, 10 (10), pp.e042236-e042236. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-042236.
Access StatusOpen Access
Open Access at PMChttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7604859
OBJECTIVES: The UK faces major problems in retaining general practitioners (GPs). Scotland introduced a new GP contract in April 2018, intended to better support GPs. This study compares the career intentions and working lives of GPs in Scotland with GPs in England, shortly after the new Scotland contract was introduced. DESIGN AND SETTING: Comparison of cross-sectional analysis of survey responses of GPs in England and Scotland in 2017 and 2018, respectively, using linear regression to adjust the differences for gender, age, ethnicity, urbanicity and deprivation. PARTICIPANTS: 2048 GPs in Scotland and 879 GPs in England. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Four intentions to reduce work participation (5-point scales: 1='none', 5='high'): reducing working hours; leaving medical work entirely; leaving direct patient care; or continuing medical work but outside the UK. Four domains of working life: job satisfaction (7-point scale: 1='extremely dissatisfied', 7='extremely satisfied'); job stressors (5-point-scale: 1='no pressure', 5='high pressure); positive and negative job attributes (5-point scales: 1='strongly disagree', 5='strongly agree'). RESULTS: Compared with England, GPs in Scotland had lower intention to reduce work participation, including a lower likelihood of reducing work hours (2.78 vs 3.54; adjusted difference=-0.52; 95% CI -0.64 to -0.41), a lower likelihood of leaving medical work entirely (2.11 vs 2.76; adjusted difference=-0.32; 95% CI -0.42 to -0.22), a lower likelihood of leaving direct patient care (2.23 vs 2.93; adjusted difference=-0.37; 95% CI -0.47 to -0.27), and a lower likelihood of continuing medical work but outside of the UK (1.41 vs 1.61; adjusted difference=-0.2; 95% CI -0.28 to -0.12). GPs in Scotland reported higher job satisfaction, lower job stressors, similar positive job attributes and lower negative job attributes. CONCLUSION: Following the introduction of the new contract in Scotland, GPs in Scotland reported significantly better working lives and lower intention to reduce work participation than England.
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