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dc.contributor.authorPhyo, AZZ
dc.contributor.authorFreak-Poli, R
dc.contributor.authorCraig, H
dc.contributor.authorGasevic, D
dc.contributor.authorStocks, NP
dc.contributor.authorGonzalez-Chica, DA
dc.contributor.authorRyan, J
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-09T22:38:51Z
dc.date.available2020-12-09T22:38:51Z
dc.date.issued2020-11-06
dc.identifierpii: 10.1186/s12889-020-09639-9
dc.identifier.citationPhyo, A. Z. Z., Freak-Poli, R., Craig, H., Gasevic, D., Stocks, N. P., Gonzalez-Chica, D. A. & Ryan, J. (2020). Quality of life and mortality in the general population: a systematic review and meta-analysis.. BMC Public Health, 20 (1), pp.1596-. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09639-9.
dc.identifier.issn1471-2458
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/253029
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) is multi-dimensional concept of an individual' general well-being status in relation to their value, environment, cultural and social context in which they live. This study aimed to quantitatively synthesise available evidence on the association between QoL and mortality in the general population. METHODS: An electronic search was conducted using three bibliographic databases, MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycINFO. Inclusion criteria were studies that assessed QoL using standardized tools and examined mortality risk in a non-patient population. Qualitative data synthesis and meta-analyses using a random-effects model were performed. RESULTS: Of 4184 articles identified, 47 were eligible for inclusion, involving approximately 1,200,000 participants. Studies were highly heterogeneous in terms of QoL measures, population characteristics and data analysis. In total, 43 studies (91.5%) reported that better QoL was associated with lower mortality risk. The results of four meta-analyses indicated that higher health-related QoL (HRQoL) is associated with lower mortality risk, which was consistent for overall HRQoL (HR 0.633, 95% CI: 0.514 to 0.780), physical function (HR 0.987, 95% CI: 0.982 to 0.992), physical component score (OR 0.950, 95% CI: 0.935 to 0.965), and mental component score (OR 0.980, 95% CI: 0.969 to 0.992). CONCLUSION: These findings provide evidence that better QoL/HRQoL was associated with lower mortality risk. The utility of these measures in predicting mortality risk indicates that they should be considered further as potential screening tools in general clinical practice, beyond the traditional objective measures such as body mass index and the results of laboratory tests.
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
dc.titleQuality of life and mortality in the general population: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12889-020-09639-9
melbourne.affiliation.departmentPaediatrics (RCH)
melbourne.source.titleBMC Public Health
melbourne.source.volume20
melbourne.source.issue1
melbourne.source.pages1596-
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1480512
melbourne.openaccess.pmchttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7646076
melbourne.contributor.authorRyan, Joanne
dc.identifier.eissn1471-2458
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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