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dc.contributor.authorDaly, M
dc.contributor.authorDelaney, L
dc.contributor.authorEgan, M
dc.contributor.authorBaumeister, RF
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-09T23:08:40Z
dc.date.available2020-12-09T23:08:40Z
dc.date.issued2015-06-01
dc.identifierpii: 0956797615569001
dc.identifier.citationDaly, M., Delaney, L., Egan, M. & Baumeister, R. F. (2015). Childhood Self-Control and Unemployment Throughout the Life Span: Evidence From Two British Cohort Studies. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE, 26 (6), pp.709-723. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797615569001.
dc.identifier.issn0956-7976
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/253154
dc.description.abstractThe capacity for self-control may underlie successful labor-force entry and job retention, particularly in times of economic uncertainty. Analyzing unemployment data from two nationally representative British cohorts (N = 16,780), we found that low self-control in childhood was associated with the emergence and persistence of unemployment across four decades. On average, a 1-SD increase in self-control was associated with a reduction in the probability of unemployment of 1.4 percentage points after adjustment for intelligence, social class, and gender. From labor-market entry to middle age, individuals with low self-control experienced 1.6 times as many months of unemployment as those with high self-control. Analysis of monthly unemployment data before and during the 1980s recession showed that individuals with low self-control experienced the greatest increases in unemployment during the recession. Our results underscore the critical role of self-control in shaping life-span trajectories of occupational success and in affecting how macroeconomic conditions affect unemployment levels in the population.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherSAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
dc.titleChildhood Self-Control and Unemployment Throughout the Life Span: Evidence From Two British Cohort Studies
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/0956797615569001
melbourne.affiliation.departmentMelbourne Graduate School of Education
melbourne.source.titlePsychological Science
melbourne.source.volume26
melbourne.source.issue6
melbourne.source.pages709-723
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1356983
melbourne.contributor.authorBaumeister, Roy
dc.identifier.eissn1467-9280
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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