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dc.contributor.authorHallock, H
dc.contributor.authorCollins, D
dc.contributor.authorLampit, A
dc.contributor.authorDeol, K
dc.contributor.authorFleming, J
dc.contributor.authorValenzuela, M
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-09T23:14:10Z
dc.date.available2020-12-09T23:14:10Z
dc.date.issued2016-10-27
dc.identifier.citationHallock, H., Collins, D., Lampit, A., Deol, K., Fleming, J. & Valenzuela, M. (2016). Cognitive Training for Post-Acute Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE, 10 (OCT2016), https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2016.00537.
dc.identifier.issn1662-5161
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/253174
dc.description.abstractObjective: To quantitatively aggregate effects of cognitive training (CT) on cognitive and functional outcome measures in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) more than 12-months post-injury. Design: We systematically searched six databases for non-randomized and randomized controlled trials of CT in TBI patients at least 12-months post-injury reporting cognitive and/or functional outcomes. Main Measures: Efficacy was measured as standardized mean difference (Hedges' g) of post-training change. We investigated heterogeneity across studies using subgroup analyses and meta-regressions. Results: Fourteen studies encompassing 575 patients were included. The effect of CT on overall cognition was small and statistically significant (g = 0.22, 95%CI 0.05 to 0.38; p = 0.01), with low heterogeneity (I2 = 11.71%) and no evidence of publication bias. A moderate effect size was found for overall functional outcomes (g = 0.32, 95%CI 0.08 to 0.57, p = 0.01) with low heterogeneity (I2 = 14.27%) and possible publication bias. Statistically significant effects were also found only for executive function (g = 0.20, 95%CI 0.02 to 0.39, p = 0.03) and verbal memory (g = 0.32, 95%CI 0.14 to 0.50, p < 0.01). Conclusion: Despite limited studies in this field, this meta-analysis indicates that CT is modestly effective in improving cognitive and functional outcomes in patients with post-acute TBI and should therefore play a more significant role in TBI rehabilitation.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
dc.titleCognitive Training for Post-Acute Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fnhum.2016.00537
melbourne.affiliation.departmentPsychiatry
melbourne.source.titleFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
melbourne.source.volume10
melbourne.source.issueOCT2016
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1304906
melbourne.contributor.authorLampit, Amit
dc.identifier.eissn1662-5161
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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