Predictors of gambling and problem gambling in Victoria, Australia
AuthorHowe, PDL; Vargas-Saenz, A; Hulbert, CA; Boldero, JM
Source TitlePLoS One
PublisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
University of Melbourne Author/sVargas-Saenz, Adriana; Hulbert, Carol; Howe, Piers; Vargas Saenz, Adriana
AffiliationMelbourne School of Psychological Sciences
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsHowe, P. D. L., Vargas-Saenz, A., Hulbert, C. A. & Boldero, J. M. (2019). Predictors of gambling and problem gambling in Victoria, Australia. PLOS ONE, 14 (1), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0209277.
Access StatusOpen Access
In 2016, the gambling habits of a sample of 3361 adults in the state of Victoria, Australia, were surveyed. It was found that a number of factors that were highly correlated with self-reported gambling frequency and gambling problems were not significant predictors of gambling frequency and problem gambling. The major predictors of gambling frequency were the degree to which family members and peers were perceived to gamble, self-reported approval of gambling, the frequency of discussing gambling offline, and the participant's Canadian Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) score. Age was a significant predictor of gambling frequency for certain types of gambling (e.g. buying lottery tickets). Approximately 91% of the explainable variance in the participant's PGSI score could be explained by just five predictors: Positive Urgency; Frequency of playing poker machines at pubs, hotels or sporting clubs; Participation in online discussions of betting on gaming tables at casinos; Frequency of gambling on the internet, and Overestimating the chances of winning. Based on these findings, suggestions are made as to how gambling-related harm can be reduced.
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