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dc.contributor.authorChalise, B
dc.contributor.authorAryal, KK
dc.contributor.authorMehta, RK
dc.contributor.authorDhimal, M
dc.contributor.authorSapkota, F
dc.contributor.authorMehata, S
dc.contributor.authorKarki, KB
dc.contributor.authorMadjdian, D
dc.contributor.authorPatton, G
dc.contributor.authorSawyer, S
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-10T00:58:54Z
dc.date.available2020-12-10T00:58:54Z
dc.date.issued2018-12-14
dc.identifierpii: PONE-D-17-40859
dc.identifier.citationChalise, B., Aryal, K. K., Mehta, R. K., Dhimal, M., Sapkota, F., Mehata, S., Karki, K. B., Madjdian, D., Patton, G. & Sawyer, S. (2018). Prevalence and correlates of anemia among adolescents in Nepal: Findings from a nationally representative cross-sectional survey. PLOS ONE, 13 (12), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0208878.
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/253627
dc.description.abstractAnemia is regarded as major public health problem among adolescents in Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs) but there is limited primary data in many countries, including Nepal. This study investigated the prevalence and correlates of anemia in a nationally representative sample of adolescents within the 2014 National Adolescent Nutrition Survey in Nepal. A total of 3780 adolescents aged 10 to 19 years were selected from a cross-sectional survey through multi-stage cluster sampling. Structured interviews, anthropometric measurements and hemoglobin assessments of capillary blood were obtained. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were undertaken to compute the Adjusted Odds Ratio (aOR) for socio-demographic, behavioral and cluster characteristics. The overall prevalence of anemia was 31% (95%CI: 28.2, 33.5), 38% (95%CI: 34.0, 41.8) in female and 24% (95%CI: 20.6, 27.1) in male. The likelihood of anemia was significantly higher among older adolescents (aOR 1.75, 95%CI: 1.44, 2.13), females (aOR 2.02; 95%CI: 1.57, 2.60), among those who walk barefoot (aOR 1.78, 95%CI: 1.08, 2.94), and those residing in the Terai (aOR 1.80, 95%CI: 1.18, 2.77). Food consumption from more than four food groups (aOR 0.71, 95%CI: 0.57, 0.88) was protective against anemia. In conclusion, anemia is common in Nepali adolescents. Efforts to improve the nutritional status of this high-risk age group require nutrition that focus on eating habits, sanitation, iron supplementation and the treatment of hookworm infection.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
dc.titlePrevalence and correlates of anemia among adolescents in Nepal: Findings from a nationally representative cross-sectional survey
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0208878
melbourne.affiliation.departmentPaediatrics (RCH)
melbourne.source.titlePLoS One
melbourne.source.volume13
melbourne.source.issue12
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1362953
melbourne.contributor.authorPatton, George
melbourne.contributor.authorSawyer, Susan
dc.identifier.eissn1932-6203
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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