Progress Towards Elimination of Trachoma as a Public Health Problem in Eritrea: Results of a Systematic Review and Nine Population-based Prevalence Surveys Conducted in 2014
AuthorTesfazion, A; Zecarias, A; Zewengiel, S; Willis, R; Mebrahtu, G; Capa, E; Mpyet, C; Al-Khatib, T; Courtright, P; Solomon, AW; ...
Source TitleOphthalmic Epidemiology
PublisherTAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
AffiliationOphthalmology (Eye & Ear Hospital)
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsTesfazion, A., Zecarias, A., Zewengiel, S., Willis, R., Mebrahtu, G., Capa, E., Mpyet, C., Al-Khatib, T., Courtright, P., Solomon, A. W., Aboe, A., Adamu, L., Al-Khatib, T., Alemayehu, W., Alemu, M., Alexander, N. D. E., Bakhtiari, A., Bero, B., Boisson, S. ,... Willis, R. (2018). Progress Towards Elimination of Trachoma as a Public Health Problem in Eritrea: Results of a Systematic Review and Nine Population-based Prevalence Surveys Conducted in 2014. OPHTHALMIC EPIDEMIOLOGY, 25 (sup1), pp.121-130. https://doi.org/10.1080/09286586.2018.1545036.
Access StatusOpen Access
PURPOSE: To assess Eritrea's progress towards elimination of trachoma as a public health problem, we reviewed and compiled current knowledge on the distribution and burden of trachoma in Eritrea, then undertook further population-based surveys where indicated, with support from the Global Trachoma Mapping Project (GTMP). METHODS: For the systematic review, undertaken in March 2014, we searched (1) PubMed, using the terms ((blind* or trachoma or trichiasis) AND Eritrea); (2) the online database of rapid assessments of avoidable blindness; (3) our own grey literature collections; and (4) the Global Atlas of Trachoma database. In June and July 2014, we conducted nine population-based prevalence surveys, for each of which 30 villages were systematically selected with probability proportional to population size; in each village, 30 households were systematically selected. All consenting residents of selected households aged ≥1 year were examined by GTMP-certified graders for signs of trachoma. Data on household-level access to water and sanitation were also collected. RESULTS: One previous rapid assessment of avoidable blindness, three peer-reviewed publications, and two grey literature reports detailing sets of trachoma prevalence surveys conducted in 2006 and 2011, respectively, were located. Post-intervention impact surveys were needed in seven evaluation units (EUs, framed at sub-Zoba-level: population range 40,000-120,000) of Debub and Northern Red Sea, while baseline surveys were needed in two EUs of Anseba. Four of the seven impact survey EUs and both baseline survey EUs returned trachomatous inflammation-follicular prevalences in 1-9-year-olds of ≥5%; six of the seven impact survey EUs and one of the two baseline survey EUs returned trichiasis prevalences in ≥15-year-olds of ≥0.2%. The prevalence of access to water and sanitation varied widely between EUs. CONCLUSION: Interventions are still required in Eritrea to eliminate trachoma as a public health problem. Data from these surveys will guide the Ministry of Health to undertake programme planning using a sound evidence base.
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