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dc.contributor.authorTesfazion, A
dc.contributor.authorZecarias, A
dc.contributor.authorZewengiel, S
dc.contributor.authorWillis, R
dc.contributor.authorMebrahtu, G
dc.contributor.authorCapa, E
dc.contributor.authorMpyet, C
dc.contributor.authorAl-Khatib, T
dc.contributor.authorCourtright, P
dc.contributor.authorSolomon, AW
dc.contributor.authorAboe, A
dc.contributor.authorAdamu, L
dc.contributor.authorAl-Khatib, T
dc.contributor.authorAlemayehu, W
dc.contributor.authorAlemu, M
dc.contributor.authorAlexander, NDE
dc.contributor.authorBakhtiari, A
dc.contributor.authorBero, B
dc.contributor.authorBoisson, S
dc.contributor.authorBovill, S
dc.contributor.authorBrooker, SJ
dc.contributor.authorBush, S
dc.contributor.authorChu, BK
dc.contributor.authorCourtright, P
dc.contributor.authorDejene, M
dc.contributor.authorEmerson, PM
dc.contributor.authorFlueckiger, RM
dc.contributor.authorFoster, A
dc.contributor.authorGadisa, S
dc.contributor.authorGass, K
dc.contributor.authorGebre, T
dc.contributor.authorHabtamu, Z
dc.contributor.authorHaddad, D
dc.contributor.authorHarvey, E
dc.contributor.authorHaslam, D
dc.contributor.authorKalua, K
dc.contributor.authorKello, AB
dc.contributor.authorKing, JD
dc.contributor.authorLe Mesurier, R
dc.contributor.authorLewallen, S
dc.contributor.authorLietman, TM
dc.contributor.authorMacArthur, C
dc.contributor.authorMacleod, C
dc.contributor.authorMariotti, SP
dc.contributor.authorMassae, PA
dc.contributor.authorMassey, A
dc.contributor.authorMathieu, E
dc.contributor.authorMcCullagh, S
dc.contributor.authorMekasha, A
dc.contributor.authorMillar, T
dc.contributor.authorMpyet, C
dc.contributor.authorMunoz, B
dc.contributor.authorNgondi, J
dc.contributor.authorOgden, S
dc.contributor.authorPavluck, A
dc.contributor.authorPearce, J
dc.contributor.authorResnikoff, S
dc.contributor.authorSarah, V
dc.contributor.authorSarr, B
dc.contributor.authorSisay, A
dc.contributor.authorSmith, JL
dc.contributor.authorSolomon, AW
dc.contributor.authorThomson, J
dc.contributor.authorWest, SK
dc.contributor.authorWillis, R
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-10T01:09:49Z
dc.date.available2020-12-10T01:09:49Z
dc.date.issued2018-12-28
dc.identifier.citationTesfazion, A., Zecarias, A., Zewengiel, S., Willis, R., Mebrahtu, G., Capa, E., Mpyet, C., Al-Khatib, T., Courtright, P., Solomon, A. W., Aboe, A., Adamu, L., Al-Khatib, T., Alemayehu, W., Alemu, M., Alexander, N. D. E., Bakhtiari, A., Bero, B., Boisson, S. ,... Willis, R. (2018). Progress Towards Elimination of Trachoma as a Public Health Problem in Eritrea: Results of a Systematic Review and Nine Population-based Prevalence Surveys Conducted in 2014. OPHTHALMIC EPIDEMIOLOGY, 25 (sup1), pp.121-130. https://doi.org/10.1080/09286586.2018.1545036.
dc.identifier.issn0928-6586
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/253672
dc.description.abstractPURPOSE: To assess Eritrea's progress towards elimination of trachoma as a public health problem, we reviewed and compiled current knowledge on the distribution and burden of trachoma in Eritrea, then undertook further population-based surveys where indicated, with support from the Global Trachoma Mapping Project (GTMP). METHODS: For the systematic review, undertaken in March 2014, we searched (1) PubMed, using the terms ((blind* or trachoma or trichiasis) AND Eritrea); (2) the online database of rapid assessments of avoidable blindness; (3) our own grey literature collections; and (4) the Global Atlas of Trachoma database. In June and July 2014, we conducted nine population-based prevalence surveys, for each of which 30 villages were systematically selected with probability proportional to population size; in each village, 30 households were systematically selected. All consenting residents of selected households aged ≥1 year were examined by GTMP-certified graders for signs of trachoma. Data on household-level access to water and sanitation were also collected. RESULTS: One previous rapid assessment of avoidable blindness, three peer-reviewed publications, and two grey literature reports detailing sets of trachoma prevalence surveys conducted in 2006 and 2011, respectively, were located. Post-intervention impact surveys were needed in seven evaluation units (EUs, framed at sub-Zoba-level: population range 40,000-120,000) of Debub and Northern Red Sea, while baseline surveys were needed in two EUs of Anseba. Four of the seven impact survey EUs and both baseline survey EUs returned trachomatous inflammation-follicular prevalences in 1-9-year-olds of ≥5%; six of the seven impact survey EUs and one of the two baseline survey EUs returned trichiasis prevalences in ≥15-year-olds of ≥0.2%. The prevalence of access to water and sanitation varied widely between EUs. CONCLUSION: Interventions are still required in Eritrea to eliminate trachoma as a public health problem. Data from these surveys will guide the Ministry of Health to undertake programme planning using a sound evidence base.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherTAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
dc.titleProgress Towards Elimination of Trachoma as a Public Health Problem in Eritrea: Results of a Systematic Review and Nine Population-based Prevalence Surveys Conducted in 2014
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/09286586.2018.1545036
melbourne.affiliation.departmentOphthalmology (Eye & Ear Hospital)
melbourne.source.titleOphthalmic Epidemiology
melbourne.source.volume25
melbourne.source.issuesup1
melbourne.source.pages121-130
dc.rights.licenseCC BY-NC-ND
melbourne.elementsid1365519
dc.identifier.eissn1744-5086
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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