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dc.contributor.authorKolby, JE
dc.contributor.authorSmith, KM
dc.contributor.authorBerger, L
dc.contributor.authorKaresh, WB
dc.contributor.authorPreston, A
dc.contributor.authorPessier, AP
dc.contributor.authorSkerratt, LF
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-10T01:10:40Z
dc.date.available2020-12-10T01:10:40Z
dc.date.issued2014-03-05
dc.identifierpii: PONE-D-13-45899
dc.identifier.citationKolby, J. E., Smith, K. M., Berger, L., Karesh, W. B., Preston, A., Pessier, A. P. & Skerratt, L. F. (2014). First Evidence of Amphibian Chytrid Fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) and Ranavirus in Hong Kong Amphibian Trade. PLOS ONE, 9 (3), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090750.
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/253674
dc.description.abstractThe emerging infectious amphibian diseases caused by amphibian chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, Bd) and ranaviruses are responsible for global amphibian population declines and extinctions. Although likely to have been spread by a variety of activities, transcontinental dispersal appears closely associated with the international trade in live amphibians. The territory of Hong Kong reports frequent, high volume trade in amphibians, and yet the presence of Bd and ranavirus have not previously been detected in either traded or free-ranging amphibians. In 2012, a prospective surveillance project was conducted to investigate the presence of these pathogens in commercial shipments of live amphibians exported from Hong Kong International Airport. Analysis of skin (Bd) and cloacal (ranavirus) swabs by quantitative PCR detected pathogen presence in 31/265 (11.7%) and in 105/185 (56.8%) of amphibians, respectively. In addition, the water in which animals were transported tested positive for Bd, demonstrating the risk of pathogen pollution by the disposal of untreated wastewater. It is uncertain whether Bd and ranavirus remain contained within Hong Kong's trade sector, or if native amphibians have already been exposed. Rapid response efforts are now urgently needed to determine current pathogen distribution in Hong Kong, evaluate potential trade-associated exposure to free-ranging amphibians, and identify opportunities to prevent disease establishment.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
dc.titleFirst Evidence of Amphibian Chytrid Fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) and Ranavirus in Hong Kong Amphibian Trade
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0090750
melbourne.affiliation.departmentVeterinary Biosciences
melbourne.source.titlePLoS One
melbourne.source.volume9
melbourne.source.issue3
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1365628
pubs.publisher-urlhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24599268
melbourne.contributor.authorSkerratt, Lee
melbourne.contributor.authorBerger, Lee
dc.identifier.eissn1932-6203
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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