Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorHolman, L
dc.contributor.authorStuart-Fox, D
dc.contributor.authorHauser, CE
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-10T01:27:38Z
dc.date.available2020-12-10T01:27:38Z
dc.date.issued2018-04-01
dc.identifierpii: pbio.2004956
dc.identifier.citationHolman, L., Stuart-Fox, D. & Hauser, C. E. (2018). The gender gap in science: How long until women are equally represented?. PLOS BIOLOGY, 16 (4), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.2004956.
dc.identifier.issn1545-7885
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/253711
dc.description.abstractWomen comprise a minority of the Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and Medicine (STEMM) workforce. Quantifying the gender gap may identify fields that will not reach parity without intervention, reveal underappreciated biases, and inform benchmarks for gender balance among conference speakers, editors, and hiring committees. Using the PubMed and arXiv databases, we estimated the gender of 36 million authors from >100 countries publishing in >6000 journals, covering most STEMM disciplines over the last 15 years, and made a web app allowing easy access to the data (https://lukeholman.github.io/genderGap/). Despite recent progress, the gender gap appears likely to persist for generations, particularly in surgery, computer science, physics, and maths. The gap is especially large in authorship positions associated with seniority, and prestigious journals have fewer women authors. Additionally, we estimate that men are invited by journals to submit papers at approximately double the rate of women. Wealthy countries, notably Japan, Germany, and Switzerland, had fewer women authors than poorer ones. We conclude that the STEMM gender gap will not close without further reforms in education, mentoring, and academic publishing.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
dc.titleThe gender gap in science: How long until women are equally represented?
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pbio.2004956
melbourne.affiliation.departmentSchool of BioSciences
melbourne.source.titlePLoS Biology
melbourne.source.volume16
melbourne.source.issue4
dc.rights.licenseCC BY
melbourne.elementsid1324399
melbourne.contributor.authorHolman, Luke
melbourne.contributor.authorStuart-Fox, Devi
melbourne.contributor.authorHauser, Cindy
dc.identifier.eissn1545-7885
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record