Managing Sleep Disturbances in Cirrhosis
AuthorZhao, X; Wong, P
University of Melbourne Author/sWong, Ching-Bong
AffiliationOphthalmology (Eye & Ear Hospital)
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsZhao, X. & Wong, P. (2016). Managing Sleep Disturbances in Cirrhosis. SCIENTIFICA, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/6576812.
Access StatusOpen Access
Sleep disturbances, particularly daytime sleepiness and insomnia, are common problems reported by patients suffering from liver cirrhosis. Poor sleep negatively impacts patients' quality of life and cognitive functions and increases mortality. Although sleep disturbances can be an early sign of hepatic encephalopathy (HE), many patients without HE still complain of poor quality sleep. The pathophysiology of these disturbances is not fully understood but is believed to be linked to impaired hepatic melatonin metabolism. This paper provides an overview for the clinician of common comorbidities contributing to poor sleep in patients with liver disease, mainly restless leg syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea. It discusses nondrug and pharmacologic treatment options in these patients, such as the use of light therapy and histamine (H1) blockers.
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