Social engagement and the elderly in rural Indonesia
Web of Science
AuthorUtomo, A; Mcdonald, P; Utomo, I; Cahyadi, N; Sparrow, R
Source TitleSocial Science and Medicine
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
AffiliationMelbourne School of Population and Global Health
School of Geography
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsUtomo, A., Mcdonald, P., Utomo, I., Cahyadi, N. & Sparrow, R. (2019). Social engagement and the elderly in rural Indonesia. SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE, 229, pp.22-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.05.009.
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Rural areas in Indonesia are older relative to urban areas. This paper questions how levels of social engagement vary across among the elderly in rural Indonesia. A sample of 2750 respondents aged 60 and over was drawn from 10 purposely-selected relatively "old" villages. Our three measures of social engagement are: participation in income-generating activities, in communal activities, and in care work. While there are notable village-level differences in patterns of social engagement, the majority of our respondents are actively engaged in productive activities in their old age until they can no longer be so. A negative educational gradient in the likelihood of work participation suggests that needs for income security is a driver of the elderly's work participation. The notion of promoting active ageing, as typically understood in the Western and/or urban contexts, is of secondary importance to health care provision and managing old-age disability in these ageing rural communities.
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