Patient-Reported Outcomes One to Five Years After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: The Effect of Combined Injury and Associations With Osteoarthritis Features Defined on Magnetic Resonance Imaging
AuthorPatterson, BE; Culvenor, AG; Barton, CJ; Guermazi, A; Stefanik, JJ; Crossley, KM
Source TitleArthritis Care and Research
AffiliationSurgery (St Vincent's)
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsPatterson, B. E., Culvenor, A. G., Barton, C. J., Guermazi, A., Stefanik, J. J. & Crossley, K. M. (2020). Patient-Reported Outcomes One to Five Years After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: The Effect of Combined Injury and Associations With Osteoarthritis Features Defined on Magnetic Resonance Imaging. ARTHRITIS CARE & RESEARCH, 72 (3), pp.412-422. https://doi.org/10.1002/acr.23854.
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Open Access URLAccepted version
OBJECTIVE: Persistent symptoms and poor quality of life (QoL) are common following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). We aimed to determine the influence of a combined ACL injury (i.e., concomitant meniscectomy and/or arthroscopic chondral defect at the time of ACLR and/or secondary injury/surgery to ACLR knee) and cartilage defects defined on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), bone marrow lesions (BMLs), and meniscal lesions on patient-reported outcomes 1 to 5 years after ACLR. METHODS: A total of 80 participants (50 men; mean ± SD age 32 ± 14 years) completed the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) questionnaires as well as a 3T MRI assessment at 1 and 5 years after ACLR. Median patient-reported outcome scores were compared between isolated and combined ACL injuries and with published normative values. Using multivariate regression, we evaluated the association between compartment-specific MRI cartilage, BMLs, and meniscal lesions and patient-reported outcomes at 1 and 5 years. RESULTS: Individuals with a combined injury had significantly worse scores in the KOOS subscale of function in sport and recreation (KOOS sport/rec) and in the IKDC questionnaire at 1 year, and worse scores in the KOOS subscales of pain (KOOS pain), symptoms (KOOS symptoms), and QoL (KOOS QoL) and in the IKDC questionnaire at 5 years compared to those with an isolated injury. Although no feature on MRI was associated with patient-reported outcomes cross-sectionally at 1 year, patellofemoral cartilage defects at 1 year were significantly associated with worse 5-year KOOS symptoms (β = -9.79, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] -16.67, -2.91), KOOS sport/rec (β = -7.94, 95% CI -15.27, -0.61), KOOS QoL (β = -8.29, 95% CI -15.28, -1.29), and IKDC (β = -4.79, 95% CI -9.34, -0.24) scores. Patellofemoral cartilage defects at 5 years were also significantly associated with worse 5-year KOOS symptoms (β = -6.86, 95% CI -13.49, -0.24) and KOOS QoL (β = -11.71, 95% CI -19.08, -4.33) scores. CONCLUSION: Combined injury and patellofemoral cartilage defects shown on MRI are associated with poorer long-term outcomes. Clinicians should be vigilant and aware of individuals with these injuries, as such individuals may benefit from targeted interventions to improve QoL and optimize symptoms.
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